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Porto

Municipality in Norte, Portugal / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Porto or Oporto[lower-alpha 1][8] (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpoɾtu] (listen)) is the second-largest city in Portugal, the capital of the Oporto District, and one of the Iberian Peninsula's major urban areas. Oporto city proper, which is the entire municipality of Porto, is small compared to its metropolitan area, with an estimated population of just 231,800 people in a municipality with only 41.42 km2.[1][9] Porto's metropolitan area has around 1.7 million people (2021)[1] in an area of 2,395 km2 (925 sq mi),[10] making it the second-largest urban area in Portugal.[11][12][13] It is recognized as a global city with a Gamma + rating from the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.[14]

Quick facts: Porto, Country, Region, Subregion, District...
Porto
Municipality
Top to bottom, left to right: View of Ribeira district and Luís I bridge from Vila Nova de Gaia, Casa da Música concert hall, Porto City Hall, Palácio da Bolsa, Church of Saint Ildefonso
Nickname(s): 
A Cidade Invicta ("The Undefeated City"), A Cidade da Virgem ("The City of the Virgin")
Motto(s): 
Antiga, Mui Nobre, Sempre Leal e Invicta (Ancient, Most Noble, Always Loyal and Undefeated)
Porto
Location within Portugal
Porto
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 41°9′43.71″N 8°37′19.03″W
Country Portugal
RegionNorte
SubregionGrande Porto
DistrictPorto
Settlement275 BCE
MunicipalityPorto
Civil parishes7
Government
  TypeLAU
  BodyCâmara Municipal
  MayorRui Moreira
  Municipal Assembly ChairMiguel Pereira Leite
Area
  Municipality41.42 km2 (15.99 sq mi)
Elevation
104 m (341 ft)
Population
 (2021)
  Municipality231,800[1]
  Density5,596.3/km2 (14,494/sq mi)
  Urban
1,278,210[1]
  Metro
1,736,228[1]
Time zoneUTC0 (WET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (WEST)
Postal Zone
4000-286 Porto
Area code(+351) 22[2]
DemonymPortuense, Tripeiro (informal)
Patron SaintOur Lady of Vendôme
Municipal Holidays24 June (São João)
Websitewww.cm-porto.pt
Geographic detail from CAOP (2010)[3] produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)
Official nameHistoric Centre of Oporto, Luís I Bridge and Monastery of Serra do Pilar
Criteriaiv
Reference755
Inscription1996 (20th Session)
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Located along the Douro River estuary in northern Portugal, Oporto is one of the oldest European centres, and its core was proclaimed a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1996, as "Historic Centre of Porto, Luiz I Bridge and Monastery of Serra do Pilar". The historic area is also a National Monument of Portugal.[15] The western part of its urban area extends to the coastline of the Atlantic Ocean. Its settlement dates back many centuries, when it was an outpost of the Roman Empire. Its combined Celtic-Latin name, Portus Cale,[16] has been referred to as the origin of the name Portugal, based on transliteration and oral evolution from Latin. In Portuguese, the name of the city includes a definite article: o Porto ("the port" or "the harbor"), which is where its English name "Oporto" comes from.[17]

Port wine, one of Portugal's most famous exports, is named after Porto, since the metropolitan area, and in particular the cellars of Vila Nova de Gaia, were responsible for the packaging, transport, and export of fortified wine.[18] In 2014 and 2017, Oporto was elected The Best European Destination by the Best European Destinations Agency.[19] Oporto is on the Portuguese Way path of the Camino de Santiago.