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Primavera Sound

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Primavera Sound (commonly referred to as simply Primavera) is an annual music festival held at the Parc del Fòrum in Barcelona, Spain during late May and early June. It was founded in 2001 by Pablo Soler as "a showcase for Spanish noise bands", originally held at the Poble Espanyol before moving to the Parc del Fòrum, a much larger site on the seafront, in 2005.[4] It is one of the largest and most-attended music festivals in Europe and the biggest in the Mediterranean.[5]

Quick facts: Primavera Sound, Genre, Dates, Location(s), C...
Primavera Sound
Primavera Sound in 2019
GenreIndie rock[1][2]
DatesLate May-early June
Location(s)Parc del Fòrum, Barcelona (2005–2019, 2022–present)
Coordinates41°24′38″N 2°13′35″E 41.410666, 2.226342
Years active2001–2019; 2022–present
Founded byPablo Soler

The festival's image was originally oriented around indie rock, but in recent years has seen a larger presence of genres such as hip hop, electronic dance music and pop.[6][7] In contrast to most other European festivals, traditionally the first bands go on at 4:00 pm, the headliners begin at midnight, and the latest acts play until 6:00 a.m.[8][9]

Originally a one-day event, a second day was added beginning in 2002, and the 2004 edition became the first to feature a three-day lineup. In 2008, the festival began hosting free shows for ticketholders in local venues across Barcelona, beginning a tradition now known as Primavera a la Ciutat.[10] No festival was held in 2020 and 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It returned in 2022 with a two-week format for the first time, combining most bookings from the missed years, before reverting to a one-week event in 2023.

The success of the festival led to an international expansion to Porto in 2012 at the Parque da Cidade, which takes place a week after the main edition.[11] In 2022, the festival hosted its first editions in Los Angeles, Santiago de Chile, Buenos Aires and São Paulo.[12][13][14][15] Primavera Sound continued to expand to Asunción and Bogotá in 2023.[16] The festival held a 2023 edition in Madrid a week later featuring a nearly identical lineup, an experiment which only lasted one year.[17][18] A much smaller version of the festival, Primavera Weekender, has been taking place in Benidorm each November since 2019.[19]

The artists who have headlined the main Primavera Sound edition in Barcelona multiple times are Pulp, Sonic Youth, Mogwai, Wilco, Spiritualized, Yo La Tengo, Pixies, PJ Harvey, The Flaming Lips, Belle and Sebastian, My Bloody Valentine, Aphex Twin, The National, Patti Smith, Interpol, The xx, Arcade Fire, Björk, Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds, Pavement, Tame Impala, The Strokes, Lorde, Phoenix, Blur, New Order, Kendrick Lamar and Rosalía.

Each Primavera Sound between 2009 and 2022 set new attendance records, growing from its small origins of just 7,700 tickets sold in 2001. The 2022 festival was visited by 460,500 people, the fourth-most attended music festival in the world that year, while generating €349 million in revenue for the city of Barcelona.[20]