Sino-Tibetan language spoken in Myanmar / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Rakhine (/rəˈkaɪn/; Burmese: ရခိုင်ဘာသာ, MLCTS: ra.hkuing bhasa [ɹəkʰàɪɴ bàθà]), also known as Arakanese, is a language of western Myanmar that is closely related to Burmese. Native to the Rakhine, Marma and Kamein peoples, it is spoken as a first language by one million people, and as a second language by a further million.
|Native to||Myanmar, Bangladesh, India|
|1 million (2011–2013)|
1 million second language speakers in Myanmar (2013)
Rakhine State shown within Myanmar
Arakanese has 91% lexical similarity with standard Burmese, while the Rakhine and Marma varieties have 85% lexical similarity each other. Thus, it is often considered to be a dialect or variety of Burmese. As there are no universally accepted criteria for distinguishing a language from a dialect, scholars and other interested parties often disagree about the linguistic, historical and social status of Arakanese. There are three dialects of Arakanese: Sittwe–Marma (about two thirds of speakers), Ramree, and Thandwe.