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San Marino

Country in Southern Europe enclaved by Italy / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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San Marino (/ˌsæn məˈrn/ SAN mə-REE-noh, Italian: [sam maˈriːno]; Romagnol: San Maréin or San Maroin), officially the Republic of San Marino[1][2][8] (Italian: Repubblica di San Marino) and also known as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino[9] (Italian: Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino), is a European microstate surrounded by Italy.[10] Located on the northeastern side of the Apennine Mountains, it is the fifth-smallest country in the world,[11] with a land area of just over 61 km2 (23+12 sq mi) and a population of 33,660 as of 2022.[4]

Quick facts: Republic of San Marino[1][2]Repubblica di San...
Republic of San Marino[1][2]
Repubblica di San Marino (Italian)
Motto: Libertas (English: "Freedom")
Anthem: Inno Nazionale della Repubblica
"National Anthem of the Republic"
Location of San Marino in Europe
Location of San Marino (green)

in Europe (agate grey)   [Legend]

CapitalSan Marino
43°56′N 12°26′E
Largest settlementDogana
43°58′53″N 12°29′22″E
Official languagesItalian[3]
Other languagesRomagnol
91.5% Christianity
5.6% Agnosticism
1.9% Atheism
1% other
see Religion in San Marino
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary diarchic directorial republic
Luca Beccari
LegislatureGrand and General Council
 From the Roman Empire
3 September 301 (traditional)
 From the Papal States
  • 8 October 1600
  • 12 July 1978
    (Declaration of Citizen Rights)
61.2 km2 (23.6 sq mi)[1] (191st)
 Water (%)
 2022 estimate
33,660[4] (191st)
520/km2 (1,346.8/sq mi) (23rd)
GDP (PPP)2023 estimate
Increase $2.872 billion[5] (171st)
 Per capita
Increase $84,135[5] (9th)
GDP (nominal)2023 estimate
Increase $1.998 billion[5] (176th)
 Per capita
Increase $58,540[5] (17th)
HDI (2021)Increase 0.853[6]
very high · 44th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+01 (CET)
 Summer (DST)
UTC+02fas (CEST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+378 (+39 0549 calling via Italy)
ISO 3166 codeSM
Sources: [1][7]

San Marino is a landlocked country; however, its northeastern end is within ten kilometres (six miles) of the Italian city of Rimini on the Adriatic coast. The country's capital city, the City of San Marino, is located atop Monte Titano, while its largest settlement is Dogana, within the municipality of Serravalle. San Marino's official language is Italian.

The country derives its name from Saint Marinus, a stonemason from the then-Roman island of Rab in present-day Croatia. Born in 275 AD, Marinus participated in the rebuilding of Rimini's city walls after their destruction by Liburnian pirates. Marinus later founded an independent monastic community on Monte Titano in 301 AD; thus, San Marino lays claim to being the oldest extant sovereign state, as well as the oldest constitutional republic.[12]

Uniquely, San Marino's constitution dictates that its democratically elected legislature, the Grand and General Council, must elect two heads of state every six months. Known as the Captains Regent, they serve concurrently and with equal powers.

The country's economy is mainly based on finance, industry, services, retail, and tourism. It is one of the wealthiest countries in the world in GDP per capita, with a figure comparable to the most developed European regions.[1] Despite this, its Human Development Index score is 44th, the lowest in Western Europe.[6] Its healthcare system ranked third in the first ever World Health Organization analysis of the world's health systems.[13]

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