Santali language

Language of South Asia / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Santali (Pronounced: [santaɽi], Ol Chiki: ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ), Bengali: সাঁওতালী, Odia: ସାନ୍ତାଳୀ, Devanagari: संताली, also known as Santal or Santhali, is the most widely-spoken language of the Munda subfamily of the Austroasiatic languages, related to Ho and Mundari, spoken mainly in the Indian states of Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Mizoram, Odisha, Tripura and West Bengal[5] by Santals. It is a recognised regional language of India per the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution.[6] It is spoken by around 7.6 million people in India, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal, making it the third most-spoken Austroasiatic language after Vietnamese and Khmer.[5]

Quick facts: Santali, Native to, Ethnicity, Native sp...
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ, সাওঁতালী, ସାନ୍ତାଳୀ, চাওঁতালি, संताली
The word "Santali" in Ol Chiki script
Native toIndia, Bangladesh, Nepal
Native speakers
7.6 million (2011 census[1])[2]
  • Munda
    • East
      • Kherwarian
        • Santal
          • Santali
  • Mahali (Mahili)
  • Kamari-Santali
  • Khole
  • Lohari-Santali
  • Manjhi
  • Paharia
Official: Ol Chiki script[3]
Others: Bengali-Assamese script,[4] Odia script, Roman script
Official status
Official language in
Flag_of_India.svg India
Language codes
ISO 639-2sat
ISO 639-3Either:
sat  Santali
mjx  Mahali
Glottologsant1410  Santali
maha1291  Mahali
Santali language
Languages recognised by the Constitution of India
Official nameSantali language
LocationJharkhand, West Bengal
Part ofOfficial languages of India
IncludesAdditional official language of the Government of Jharkhand and Government of West Bengal
Table info: Part of a series on, Constitutionally recogni...
Part of a series on
Constitutionally recognised languages of India
22 Official Languages of the Indian Republic
A girl speaking Santali.
Santali books in Mayurbhanj Book Fair

Santali was a mainly oral language until developments were made by European missionaries to write it in Bengali, Odia and Roman scripts. Eventually, the Ol Chiki script was developed by Raghunath Murmu in 1925. Ol Chiki is alphabetic, sharing none of the syllabic properties of the other Indic scripts, and is now widely used to write Santali in India.

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