Royal Persian-Iranian title / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Shah (/ʃɑː/; Persian: شاه, Šāh [ʃɒːh], lit.'king') is a royal title that was historically used by the leading figures of Iranian monarchies.[1] It was also used by a variety of Persianate societies, such as the Ottoman Empire, the Kazakh Khanate, the Khanate of Bukhara, the Emirate of Bukhara, the Mughal Empire, the Bengal Sultanate, historical Afghan dynasties, and among Gurkhas.[2] Rather than regarding himself as simply a king of the concurrent dynasty (i.e. European-style monarchies), each Iranian ruler regarded himself as the Shahanshah (شاهنشاه, Šâhanšâh, lit.'King of Kings') or Padishah (پادشاه, Pâdešâh, lit.'Master King') in the sense of a continuation of the original Persian Empire.

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shahanshah of Iran from 1941 to 1979, was the last ruler to hold the title of shah.

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