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Slovene (// i or / -/,) or Slovenian (/ -/, i; slovenščina) is a Western member of South Slavic languages, which belong to the Balto-Slavic branch of the Indo-European language family. Most of its 2.5 million speakers are the inhabitants of Slovenia, majority of them ethnic Slovenes. As Slovenia is part of the European Union, Slovene is also one of its 24 official and working languages. Its syntax is highly fusional and characterized by dual grammatical number. Two accentual norms (one characterized by pitch accent) are used. Its flexible word order is often adjusted for emphasis or stylistic reasons, although basically it is a SVO language. It has a T–V distinction: the use of the V-form demonstrates a respectful attitude towards superiors and the elderly, while it can be sidestepped through the passive form.
|slovenščina, slovenski jezik|
|Pronunciation||[slɔˈʋèːnʃtʃina], [slɔˈʋèːnski ˈjɛ̀ːzik]|
Italy (Friuli Venezia Giulia)
Austria (Carinthia and Styria)
Hungary (Vas County)
|2.5 million (2010)|
|Latin (Slovene alphabet)|
Official language in
| Slovenia |
|Regulated by||Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts|
|This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.|
|South Slavic languages and dialects|