Slovene language

South Slavic language spoken primarily in Slovenia / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Slovene (/ˈslvn/ i or /slˈvn, slə-/[8]) or Slovenian (/slˈvniən, slə-/ i;[9][10] slovenščina) is a Western member of South Slavic languages, which belong to the Balto-Slavic branch of the Indo-European language family. Most of its 2.5 million speakers are the inhabitants of Slovenia, majority of them ethnic Slovenes. As Slovenia is part of the European Union, Slovene is also one of its 24 official and working languages. Its syntax is highly fusional and characterized by dual grammatical number. Two accentual norms (one characterized by pitch accent) are used. Its flexible word order is often adjusted for emphasis or stylistic reasons, although basically it is a SVO language. It has a T–V distinction: the use of the V-form demonstrates a respectful attitude towards superiors and the elderly, while it can be sidestepped through the passive form.[11]

Quick facts: Slovene, Pronunciation, Native to, Ethni...
slovenščina, slovenski jezik
Pronunciation[slɔˈʋèːnʃtʃina],[1] [slɔˈʋèːnski ˈjɛ̀ːzik][2][3]
Native toSlovenia
Italy (Friuli Venezia Giulia)
Austria (Carinthia and Styria)
Hungary (Vas County)
Native speakers
2.5 million (2010)[4]
Latin (Slovene alphabet)
Slovene Braille
Official status
Official language in
Flag_of_Slovenia.svg Slovenia
Flag_of_Europe.svg European Union
Recognised minority
language in
Regulated bySlovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts
Language codes
ISO 639-1sl Slovenian
ISO 639-2slv Slovenian
ISO 639-3slv Slovenian
Glottologslov1268  Slovenian
Linguasphere53-AAA-f (51 varieties)
Slovene-speaking areas
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