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|Green needle grass,|
Some 300, see text.
Stipa is a genus of around 300 large perennial hermaphroditic grasses collectively known as feather grass, needle grass, and spear grass. They are placed in the subfamily Pooideae and the tribe Stipeae, which also contains many species formerly assigned to Stipa, which have since been reclassified into new genera.
Many species are important forage crops. Several species such as Stipa brachytricha, S. arundinacea, S. splendens, S. calamagrostis, S. gigantea and S. pulchra are used as ornamental plants. One former species, esparto grass (Macrochloa tenacissima), is used for crafts and extensively in paper making.
Species of the genus Stipa can occur in grasslands or in savanna habitats. Certain specific prairie plant associations are dominated by grasses of the genus Stipa, which genus often lends its name to the terminology of some prairie types. In some areas of the western United States grasses of the genus Stipa form a significant part of the understory of Blue Oak savannas, and were even a more important element prehistorically before the invasion of many European grasses.
- Stipa arundinacea
- Stipa avenacea – black oat grass
- Stipa baicalensis Roshev.
- Stipa barbata Desf.
- Stipa bavarica
- Stipa borysthenica
- Stipa brachytricha – Korean feather grass
- Stipa canadensis
- Stipa capensis
- Stipa capillata L.
- Stipa comata
- Stipa coreana Honda – Korean needlegrass
- Stipa grandis P.A.Smirn.
- Stipa hymenoides
- Stipa joannis Čelak.
- Stipa leptogluma
- Stipa mexicana
- Stipa milleana
- Stipa mollis
- Stipa pennata L. – feather grass
- Stipa pulcherrima
- Stipa spartea – porcupine grass
- Stipa speciosa
- Stipa tirsa Steven
- Stipa tulcanensis
- Stipa turkestanica Hack.
- Stipa viridula – green needle grass
- Stipa zalesskii Wilensky
Main article: Stipeae
- Achnatherum aridum (as S. arida)
- Achnatherum calamagrostis (L.) P.Beauv. (as S. calamagrostis (L.) Wahlenb.)
- Achnatherum robustum (Vasey) Barkworth (as S. robusta (Vasey) Scribn.)
- Achnatherum splendens (Trin.) Nevski (as S. splendens Trin.)
- Celtica gigantea (Link) F. M. Vazquez & Barkworth (as S. gigantea Link)
- Jarava ichu Ruiz & Pav. (as S. ichu (Ruiz & Pav.) Kunth)
- Macrochloa tenacissima (Loefl. ex L.) Kunth (as S. tenacissima Loefl. ex L.)
- Nassella leucotricha (Trin. & Rupr.) R.W.Pohl (as S. leucotricha Trin. & Rupr.)
- Nassella pulchra (Hitchc.) Barkworth (as S. pulchra Hitchc.)
- Oryzopsis hymenoides (as S. hymenoides)
- "Genus: Stipa L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1998-09-14. Retrieved 2011-06-27.
- Morley, Thomas (1966). Spring Flora of Minnesota. The University of Minnesota Press. p. 47.
- Elgaily Osman Ahmed, 1983
- Ecological Society of America, 1921
- *C. Michael Hogan, 2008
- English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. 2015. p. 647. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 24 December 2016 – via Korea Forest Service.
- "GRIN Species Records of Stipa". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-06-27.
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