cover image

Suez Crisis

1956 British–French–Israeli invasion of Egypt / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Suez Crisis?

Summarize this article for a 10 year old


The Suez Crisis[lower-alpha 1] (also called the Second Arab–Israeli war,[8][9][10] the Tripartite Aggression[lower-alpha 2] in the Arab world[11] and the Sinai War[lower-alpha 3] in Israel)[lower-alpha 4] was an invasion of Egypt and the Gaza Strip in late 1956 by Israel, followed by the United Kingdom and France. The aims were to regain control of the Suez Canal for the Western powers and to remove Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser, who had just[12] nationalised the foreign-owned Suez Canal Company, which administered the canal. Israel's primary objective was to re-open the blocked Straits of Tiran.[13] After the fighting had started, political pressure from the United States, the Soviet Union, and the United Nations led to a withdrawal by the three invaders. The episode humiliated the United Kingdom and France and strengthened Nasser.[14][15][16]

Quick facts: Suez Crisis, Date, Location, Result, Territor...
Suez Crisis
Part of the Cold War and the Arab–Israeli conflict
Damaged Egyptian vehicles
Date29 October 1956 (1956-10-29)  7 November 1956 (1956-11-07)
(1 week and 2 days)
Result See the Aftermath section
Israeli occupation of Sinai (until March 1957)
Commanders and leaders
  • Israel 175,000
  • United Kingdom 45,000
  • French Fourth Republic 34,000
Egypt 300,000[1]
Casualties and losses
  • Israel:
    • 172 killed[2]
    • 817 wounded
    • 1 captured
  • United Kingdom:
    • 22 killed
    • 96 wounded
  • France:
    • 10 killed
    • 33 wounded
  • 1,650[3][4]–3,000 killed[5]
  • 1,000 civilians killed[3]
  • 4,900 wounded
  • 5,000[6]–30,000+ captured[7]
    125 tanks (mostly Soviet-made T-34s) destroyed
    215+ aircraft destroyed

On 26 July 1956, Nasser nationalised the Suez Canal Company, which prior to that was owned primarily by British and French shareholders. On 29 October, Israel invaded the Gaza Strip and the Egyptian Sinai. Britain and France issued a joint ultimatum to cease fire, which was ignored. On 5 November, Britain and France landed paratroopers along the Suez Canal. The Egyptian forces, before they were defeated, blocked all ship traffic by sinking 40 ships in the canal. It later became clear that Israel, France and Britain had conspired to plan the invasion. The three allies had attained a number of their military objectives, but the canal was useless. Heavy political pressure from the United States and the USSR led to a withdrawal. U.S. president Dwight D. Eisenhower had strongly warned Britain not to invade; he threatened serious damage to the British financial system by selling the U.S. government's pound sterling bonds. Historians conclude the crisis "signified the end of Great Britain's role as one of the world's major powers".[17][18][19][20][page needed]

The Suez Canal was closed from October 1956 until March 1957. Israel fulfilled some of its objectives, such as attaining freedom of navigation through the Straits of Tiran, which Egypt had blocked to Israeli shipping since 1948–1950.[21][22]

As a result of the conflict, the United Nations created the UNEF Peacekeepers to police the Egyptian–Israeli border, British prime minister Anthony Eden resigned, Canadian external affairs minister Lester Pearson won the Nobel Peace Prize, and the USSR may have been emboldened to invade Hungary.[23][24]

Oops something went wrong: