Ten Commandments

Biblical principles relating to ethics and worship / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Ten Commandments (Biblical Hebrew עֲשֶׂרֶת הַדְּבָרִים, ʿĂsereṯ haDəḇārīm, lit.'The Ten Words', cf. Mishnaic Hebrew עֲשֶׂרֶת הַדִּבְּרוֹת, ʿĂseret haDībbərōt, lit. The Ten Sayings, The Ten Utterances), or the Decalogue (from Latin decalogus, from Ancient Greek δεκάλογος [dekálogos], lit. "ten words"), are a set of biblical principles relating to ethics and worship that play a fundamental role in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The text of the Ten Commandments appears twice in the Hebrew Bible: at Exodus 20:2–17 and Deuteronomy 5:6–21.

Image of the 1675 Ten Commandments at the Amsterdam Esnoga synagogue produced on parchment in 1768 by Jekuthiel Sofer, a prolific Jewish eighteenth-century scribe in Amsterdam. The Hebrew words are in two columns separated between, and surrounded by, ornate flowery patterns.
This 1768 parchment (612×502 mm) by Jekuthiel Sofer emulated the 1675 Ten Commandments at the Amsterdam Esnoga synagogue

According to the Book of Exodus in the Torah, the Ten Commandments were revealed to Moses at Mount Sinai, told by Moses to the Israelites in Exodus 19:25 and inscribed by the finger of God on two tablets of stone.[1]

Scholars disagree about when the Ten Commandments were written and by whom, with some modern scholars suggesting that they were likely modeled on Hittite and Mesopotamian laws and treaties.