cover image

Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic

Constituent republic of the Soviet Union (1925–1991) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic?

Summarize this article for a 10 years old


The Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic (Түркменистан Совет Социалистик Республикасы, Türkmenistan Sowet Sotsialistik Respublikasy; Russian: Туркменская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Turkmenskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), also known as Soviet Turkmenistan, the Turkmen SSR, Turkmenistan, or Turkmenia, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union located in Central Asia existed as a republic from 1925 to 1991. Initially, on 7 August 1921, it was established as the Turkmen Oblast of the Turkestan ASSR before being made, on 13 May 1925, a separate republic of the USSR as the Turkmen SSR.

Quick facts: Turkmen Soviet Socialist
Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic
  • Түркменистан Совет Социалистик
  • Туркменская Советская Социалистическая Республика (Russian)
Flag of Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic
Flag (1973–1991)
State emblem(1978–1991) of Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic
State emblem
Motto: Әхли юртларың пролетарлары, бирлешиң! (Turkmen)
Ähli ýurtlaryň proletarlary, birleşiň! (transliteration)
"Proletarians of all nations, unite!"
Anthem: Түркменистан Совет Социалистик Республикасы Дөвлет Гимни
Türkmenistan Sowet Sosialistik
Respublikasy Döwlet Gimni

"State Anthem of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic"
Location of Turkmenia (red) within the Soviet Union
Location of Turkmenia (red) within the Soviet Union
StatusSoviet socialist republic
Common languagesTurkmen · Russian
State atheism
GovernmentUnitary Marxist-Leninist single-party Soviet socialist republic (1925–1990)
Unitary presidential republic (1990–1991)
First Secretary 
 19241926 (first)
Ivan Mezhlauk
 19851991 (last)
Saparmurat Niyazov
Head of government 
 19251937 (first)
Kaikhaziz Atabayev
 19891991 (last)
Khan Akhmedov
LegislatureSupreme Soviet
 Turkmen Oblast of the Turkestan ASSR
7 August 1921
 Republic proclaimed
13 May 1925
 Sovereignty declared
22 August 1990
 Independence declared
27 October 1991
 Independence recognized
26 December 1991
GDP (PPP)1990 estimate
$26.554 billion[1]
CurrencySoviet rouble (Rbl) (SUR)
Calling code7 360/363/370/378/432
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Flag_of_the_Russian_Soviet_Federative_Socialist_Republic_%281918%E2%80%931925%29.svg Turkestan ASSR
Flag_of_Khiva_1920-1923.svg Khorezm PSR
Flag_of_the_Bukharan_People%27s_Soviet_Republic.svg Bukharan PSR
Turkmenistan Flag_of_the_Turkmen_Soviet_Socialist_Republic_%281973%E2%80%931991%29.svg
Today part ofTurkmenistan

Since then the borders of the Turkmenia were unchanged. On 22 August 1990, Turkmenia declared its sovereignty over Soviet laws. On 27 October 1991, it became independent as Turkmenistan.

Geographically, Turkmenia was bordered between Iran, Afghanistan to the south, Caspian Sea to the west, the Kazakh SSR to the north and the Uzbek SSR to the east.