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USS Indiana (BB-1)

Battleship of the United States Navy / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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USS Indiana was the lead ship of her class and the first battleship in the United States Navy comparable to foreign battleships of the time.[5] Authorized in 1890 and commissioned five years later, she was a small battleship, though with heavy armor and ordnance. The ship also pioneered the use of an intermediate battery. She was designed for coastal defense[6] and as a result, her decks were not safe from high waves on the open ocean.

Quick facts: History, United States, General characteristi...
USS Indiana between 1900 and 1908
Flag_of_the_United_States_%281912-1959%29.svgUnited States
NamesakeState of Indiana
Ordered30 June 1890
BuilderWilliam Cramp & Sons, Philadelphia
Laid down7 May 1891
Launched28 February 1893
Commissioned20 November 1895
Decommissioned24 December 1903
Recommissioned9 January 1906
Decommissioned23 May 1914
Recommissioned24 May 1917
Decommissioned31 January 1919
RenamedCoast Battleship Number 1 on 29 March 1919
  • Sunk as target on 1 November 1920
  • Sold for scrapping 19 March 1924
General characteristics [1][2][3][4]
Class and typeIndiana-class pre-dreadnought battleship
Displacement10,288 long tons (10,453 t) (standard)
Beam69 ft 3 in (21.11 m) (wl)
Draft27 ft (8.2 m)
Installed power4 × Scotch boilers
Speed15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Range4,900 nmi (9,100 km; 5,600 mi)[note 1]
  • 32 officers
  • 441 men
  • Belt: 18–8.5 in (457–216 mm)
  • 13" turrets: 15 in (381 mm)
  • Hull: 5 in (127 mm)
  • 8" turrets: 6 in (152 mm)
  • Conning Tower: 10 in (254 mm)
  • Deck: 3 in (76 mm)
General characteristics (Later refits)
Installed power

Indiana served in the Spanish–American War (1898) as part of the North Atlantic Squadron. She took part in both the blockade of Santiago de Cuba and the Battle of Santiago de Cuba, which occurred when the Spanish fleet attempted to break through the blockade. Although unable to join the chase of the escaping Spanish cruisers, she was partly responsible for the destruction of the Spanish destroyers Plutón and Furor. After the war, she quickly became obsolete—despite several modernizations—and spent most of her time in commission as a training ship or in the reserve fleet, with her last commission during World War I as a training ship for gun crews. She was decommissioned for the third and final time in January 1919 and was shortly after reclassified Coast Battleship Number 1 so that the name Indiana could be reused. She was sunk in shallow water as a target in aerial bombing tests in 1920, and her hull was sold for scrap in 1924.

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