Wang Huning

Chinese political theorist and politician (born 1955) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Wang Huning (Chinese: 王沪宁; pinyin: Wáng Hùníng; born 6 October 1955) is a Chinese political theorist and one of the top leaders of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), who is currently the chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC). He has been a leading ideologist in the country since the 1980s. He has been a member of the CCP's Politburo Standing Committee, China's top decision-making body since 2017, and is its fourth-ranking member since 2022.

Quick facts: Wang Huning, 10th Chairman of the Chinese Peo...
Wang Huning
王沪宁
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Wang in 2022
10th Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
Assumed office
10 March 2023
Vice Chairpersons
See list
Secretary-GeneralWang Dongfeng
Preceded byWang Yang
First-ranked Secretary of the Secretariat of the Chinese Communist Party
In office
25 October 2017  23 October 2022
General SecretaryXi Jinping
Preceded byLiu Yunshan
Succeeded byCai Qi
Director of the Central Policy Research Office
In office
October 2002  October 2020
DeputyHe Yiting
Zheng Xinli
General SecretaryJiang Zemin
Hu Jintao
Xi Jinping
Preceded byTeng Wensheng
Succeeded byJiang Jinquan
Other office held
Director of the Office of the Central Comprehensively Deepening Reforms Commission
Assumed office
22 January 2014
DeputyMu Hong
Pan Shengzhou
Chen Yixin
Preceded byOffice established
Chairman of the Central Guidance Commission on Building Spiritual Civilization
In office
17 November 2017  October 2022
DeputySun Chunlan
Huang Kunming
Preceded byLiu Yunshan
Succeeded byCai Qi
Personal details
Born (1955-10-06) 6 October 1955 (age 68)
Shanghai, China
Political partyChinese Communist Party (1984–present)
Children1 son
Alma materFudan University
East China Normal University
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese王沪宁
Traditional Chinese王滬寧
Close

A former academic, Wang was a professor of international politics and dean of the law school at Fudan University. During this time, he gained attention due to his belief in "neoconservatism", which held that a strong leadership was needed for China's stability and political reforms. He started to work for the CCP leadership in 1995 as a director of a research team at the CCP's Central Policy Research Office (CPRO). He became the CPRO's deputy director in 1998, and was promoted to the party's Central Committee and director of the office in 2002, remaining the latter until 2020, the longest tenure in the office. He assisted CCP general secretary Jiang Zemin, and was believed to be instrumental in developing Jiang's signature political theory, the Three Represents. He later became a close confidant of CCP general secretary Hu Jintao, believed to be key to developing his primary theory, Scientific Outlook on Development, and became a secretary of the CCP secretariat in 2007.

Wang became a member of the CCP Politburo in 2012, and is believed to have developed close relations with CCP general secretary Xi Jinping, becoming one of his closer advisors. In 2017, he was promoted to the 5th-ranked member of the Politburo Standing Committee and the first-ranking secretary of the CCP Secretariat. He has also chaired leading commissions on ideology and reforms and is believed to have been instrumental in developing key concepts under Xi, including Xi Jinping Thought, Chinese-style modernization, the Chinese Dream and the Belt and Road Initiative. In 2022, he was succeeded by Cai Qi as the first secretary, and became the 4th-ranking member of the PSC. He became the CPPCC chairman in March 2023, succeeding Wang Yang.

Widely regarded as the "Grey Eminence" of the CCP, Wang is believed to be the chief ideologue of the Communist Party and principal architect behind the official political ideologies of three CCP general secretaries since the 1990s. He has held significant influence over policy and decision-making of all three paramount leaders, an exceptionally rare feat in Chinese politics. Wang believes that a strong, centralized state is needed in China to resist foreign influence, an idea that has been influential under Xi Jinping.

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