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Warwickshire

County of England / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Warwickshire (/ˈwɒrɪkʃə, -ʃɪər/ ; abbreviated Warks) is a ceremonial county in the West Midlands of England. It is bordered by Staffordshire and Leicestershire to the north, Northamptonshire to the east, Oxfordshire and Gloucestershire to the south, and Worcestershire and the West Midlands county to the west. The largest settlement is Nuneaton and the county town is Warwick.

Quick facts: Warwickshire, Sovereign state, Constituent co...
Warwickshire
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Ceremonial Warwickshire within England
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Historic Warwickshire in the British Isles
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionWest Midlands
EstablishedHistoric
Time zoneUTC±00:00 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST)UTC+01:00 (British Summer Time)
Members of Parliament
Largest town Nuneaton
Ceremonial county
Lord LieutenantTimothy Cox
High SheriffSophie Elizabeth Hilleary[1] (2023–24)
Area1,975 km2 (763 sq mi)
  Ranked31st of 48
Population (2021)571,010
  Ranked39th of 48
Density289/km2 (750/sq mi)
Ethnicity92.8% White
4.6% Asian
1.5% Mixed
0.8% Black
0.4% Other[2]
Non-metropolitan county
County councilWarwickshire County Council
www.warwickshire.gov.uk
ExecutiveConservative
Admin HQWarwick
Area1,975 km2 (763 sq mi)
  Ranked17th of 21
Population599,153
  Ranked20th of 21
Density303/km2 (780/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2GB-WAR
ONS code44
ITLUKG13
Districts
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Districts of Warwickshire
Districts
  1. North Warwickshire
  2. Nuneaton and Bedworth
  3. Rugby
  4. Stratford-on-Avon
  5. Warwick
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The county is largely rural; it has an area of 763 sq mi (1,980 km2) and a population of 571,010. After Nuneaton (88,813), the largest settlements are Rugby (78,125), Leamington Spa (50,923), Warwick (37,267), Bedworth (31,090) and Stratford-upon-Avon (30,495). For local government purposes, Warwickshire is a non-metropolitan county with five districts. The county historically included the city of Coventry and the area to its west, including Sutton Coldfield, Solihull and Birmingham city centre.

Warwickshire is a flat, lowland county, but its far south contains part of the Cotswolds AONB. The River Avon, a major tributary of the Severn, flows through the south of the county.

The region was part of Roman Britain and later the Roman road called Watling Street became the boundary between the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Mercia and the Danelaw. The county was relatively settled during the rest of the Middle Ages and Early Modern period; Coventry developed as a major centre of the textiles trade. The playwright William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon in 1564, living much of his life there, and the Gunpowder Plot of 1605 was planned near Snitterfield. During the Industrial Revolution, the Warwickshire coalfield was exploited and Coventry and the west of the county became manufacturing centres; Leamington Spa developed as a tourist resort at the same time. The Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans, better known as George Eliot, was born just outside Nuneaton in 1819.

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