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Washington Union Station

Major transit hub and passenger rail stop in the District of Columbia / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Washington Union Station, known locally as Union Station, is a major train station, transportation hub, and leisure destination in Washington, D.C. Designed by Daniel Burnham and opened in 1907, it is Amtrak's headquarters, the railroad's second-busiest station, and North America's 10th-busiest railroad station. The station is the southern terminus of the Northeast Corridor, an electrified rail line extending north through major cities including Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York City, and Boston, and the busiest passenger rail line in the nation. In 2015, it served just under five million passengers.[7]

Quick facts: Union Station Washington, DC, General informa...
Union Station
Washington, DC
Amtrak, MARC and Virginia Railway Express station
Union Station in 2015
General information
Location50 Massachusetts Avenue NE
Washington, D.C.
United States
Coordinates38°53′50″N 77°00′23″W
Owned byUnited States Department of Transportation (station building and parking)
Washington Terminal Company/Amtrak (platforms and tracks)[1] Union Station Redevelopment Corp. leased to Ashkenazy Acquisition Corporation[2]
Operated byJones Lang LaSalle
Line(s)Amtrak Northeast Corridor
CSX RF&P Subdivision
Train operatorsAmtrak, MARC, VRE
Bus standslocated on the mezzanine level[3]
Bus operators
ConnectionsWMATA_Metro_Logo_small.svg WMATA_Red.svg at Union Station
DC Streetcar DC Streetcar at Union Station
Bike transport Metropolitan Branch Trail
Parking2,448 spaces
Bicycle facilities180
Other information
Station codeAmtrak: WAS
Fare zone1 (VREX)
ElectrifiedJanuary 28, 1935[4] (ceremonial)
February 10, 1935[5] (regular service)
FY 20211,758,409[6] (Amtrak only)
Preceding station BSicon_LOGO_Amtrak2.svg Amtrak Following station
Terminus Acela BWI Airport
Vermonter New Carrollton
toward St. Albans
toward Chicago
Capitol Limited Terminus
toward Chicago
Cardinal Baltimore
toward New York
toward Charlotte
toward Miami
Silver Meteor
Silver Star
Alexandria Crescent BWI Airport
toward New York
Alexandria Northeast Regional New Carrollton
toward Savannah
Palmetto New Carrollton
toward New York
Preceding station MARC_train.svg MARC Following station
Silver Spring Brunswick Line Terminus
Terminus Camden Line Riverdale
Penn Line New Carrollton
towards Perryville
Preceding station Virginia_Railway_Express.svg Virginia Railway Express Following station
toward Broad Run
Manassas Line Terminus
L'Enfant Fredericksburg Line
Former services
Preceding station BSicon_LOGO_Amtrak2.svg Amtrak Following station
Terminus Chesapeake Capital Beltway
toward Tri-State
Hilltopper New Carrollton
Terminus Metroliner Capital Beltway
toward New York
Silver Spring Shenandoah Terminus
Terminus National Limited Capital Beltway
Montrealer Capital Beltway
toward Montreal
Preceding station Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Following station
toward Chicago
Main Line Riverdale
toward Chicago
Preceding station Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Following station
toward Cincinnati
Main Line Terminus
Preceding station Pennsylvania Railroad Following station
Terminus Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad Landover
Preceding station Southern Railway Following station
toward Birmingham
Main Line Terminus
Preceding station Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad Following station
Seventh Street
toward Richmond: Broad Street or Main Street
Main Line Terminus
Washington D.C. Union Station
Washington Union Station is located in the District of Columbia
Washington Union Station
ArchitectD.H. Burnham & Company (William Pierce Anderson, Daniel Burnham)
Architectural styleClassical, Beaux-Arts, among others
NRHP reference No.69000302
Designated March 24, 1969

An intermodal facility, Union Station also serves MARC and VRE commuter rail services, the Washington Metro, the DC Streetcar, intercity bus lines, and local Metrobus buses. It carries the IATA airport code of ZWU.[8]

At the height of its traffic, during World War II, as many as 200,000 passengers passed through the station in a single day.[9] In 1988, a headhouse wing was added and the original station renovated for use as a shopping mall. As of 2014, Union Station was one of the busiest rail facilities and shopping destinations in the United States, visited by over 40 million people a year.[10] However, the COVID-19 pandemic and other factors caused a sharp decline in retail and dining; by late 2022, more than half its commercial space was vacant,[11] but Amtrak is attempting to regain control of the station and plans a major renovation and expansion.[12][13]