Anglo-Saxon runes

Symbols used in the writing system of early Frisians and Anglo-Saxon peoples / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Anglo-Saxon runes (Old English: rūna ᚱᚢᚾᚪ) are runes used by the early Anglo-Saxons as an alphabet in their writing system. The characters are known collectively as the futhorc (ᚠᚢᚦᚩᚱᚳ fuþorc) from the Old English sound values of the first six runes. The futhorc was a development from the 24-character Elder Futhark. Since the futhorc runes are thought to have first been used in Frisia before the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain, they have also been called Anglo-Frisian runes.[2] They were likely to have been used from the 5th century onward, recording Old English and Old Frisian.

Quick facts: Futhorc ᚠᚢᚦᚩᚱᚳ, Script type, Time period, Dir...
Script type
Time period
5th through 11th centuries
Directionleft-to-right Edit this on Wikidata
LanguagesAnglo-Frisian (Old English and Old Frisian)
Related scripts
Parent systems
Sister systems
Younger Futhark
 This article contains phonetic transcriptions in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA. For the distinction between [ ], / / and  , see IPA § Brackets and transcription delimiters.

They were gradually supplanted in Anglo-Saxon England by the Old English Latin alphabet introduced by missionaries. Futhorc runes were no longer in common use by the eleventh century, but The Byrhtferth Manuscript (MS Oxford St John's College 17) indicates that fairly accurate understanding of them persisted into at least the twelfth century.