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Assamese language

Indo-Aryan language spoken in Assam, India / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Assamese[lower-alpha 1] or Asamiya (অসমীয়া [ɔxɔmija] )[5] is an Indo-Aryan language spoken mainly in the north-eastern Indian state of Assam, where it is an official language. It serves as a lingua franca of the wider region[6] and has over 15 million native speakers according to Ethnologue.[1]

Quick facts: Assamese, Pronunciation, Native to, Regi...
  • Asamiya
  • Ôxômiya
The word "Ôxômiya" in the Assamese alphabet
Native toIndia
RegionAssam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Nagaland
Native speakers
15 million (2011 census)[1]
Early forms
Bengali–Assamese script (Assamese alphabet)
Ahom script (historical)[2]
Assamese Braille
Latin script (Nagamese and Nefamese)[3]
Official status
Official language in
Flag_of_India.svg India
Regulated byAsam Sahitya Sabha (Literary Society of Assam)
Language codes
ISO 639-1as
ISO 639-2asm
ISO 639-3asm
Geographic distribution of Assamese language in India.
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Nefamese, an Assamese-based pidgin in Arunachal Pradesh, was used as the lingua franca till it was replaced by Hindi; and Nagamese, an Assamese-based Creole language,[7] continues to be widely used in Nagaland. The Kamtapuri language of Rangpur division of Bangladesh and the Cooch Behar and Jalpaiguri districts of India are linguistically closer to Assamese, though the speakers identify with the Bengali culture and the literary language.[8] In the past, it was the court language of the Ahom kingdom from the 17th century.[9]

Along with other Eastern Indo-Aryan languages, Assamese evolved at least before the 7th century CE[10] from the middle Indo-Aryan Magadhi Prakrit.[11] Its sister languages include Angika, Bengali, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Chakma, Chittagonian, Hajong, Rajbangsi, Maithili, Rohingya and Sylheti. It is written in the Assamese alphabet, an abugida system, from left to right, with many typographic ligatures.

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