cover image

Assamese language

Indo-Aryan language spoken in India / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short, summarize this topic like I'm... Ten years old or a College student

Assamese (/ˌæsəˈmz/[4]), also Asamiya ([ɔxɔmija] অসমীয়া),[5] is an Indo-Aryan language spoken mainly in the north-east Indian state of Assam, where it is an official language, and it serves as a lingua franca of the wider region.[6] The easternmost Indo-Iranian language, it has over 15 million speakers according to Ethnologue.[1]

Quick facts: Assamese, Pronunciation, Region, Ethnicity, N...
The word "Asamiya" in Assamese script
RegionAssam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Nagaland
Native speakers
15 million (2011 census)[1]
Early forms
Eastern Nagari (Assamese)
Ahom script[2] (historical, rare)
Assamese Braille
Latin alphabet (Nagamese Creole)[3]
Official status
Official language in
Regulated byAsam Sahitya Sabha (literature/rhetorical congress of Assam)
Language codes
ISO 639-1as
ISO 639-2asm
ISO 639-3asm

Nefamese, an Assamese-based pidgin, is used in Arunachal Pradesh, and Nagamese, an Assamese-based Creole language,[7] is widely used in Nagaland. The Kamtapuri language of Rangpur division of Bangladesh and the Cooch Behar and Jalpaiguri districts of India are linguistically closer to Assamese, though the speakers identify with the Bengali culture and the literary language.[8] In the past, it was the court language of the Ahom kingdom from the 17th century.[9]

Along with other Eastern Indo-Aryan languages, Assamese evolved at least before the 7th century CE[10] from the middle Indo-Aryan Magadhi Prakrit.[11] Its sister languages include Angika, Bengali, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Chakma, Chittagonian, Hajong, Rajbangsi, Maithili, Rohingya and Sylheti. It is written in the Assamese alphabet, an abugida system, from left to right, with many typographic ligatures.