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Chinese Buddhism

Buddhism with Chinese characteristics / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Chinese Buddhism or Han Buddhism (simplified Chinese: 汉传佛教; traditional Chinese: 漢傳佛教; pinyin: Hànchuán Fójiào; Jyutping: Hon3 Cyun4 Fat6 Gaau3; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Hàn-thoân Hu̍t-kàu) is a Chinese form of Mahāyāna Buddhism which draws on the Chinese Buddhist Canon (大藏經, Dàzàngjīng, "Great Storage of Scriptures")[1] as well as numerous Chinese traditions. Chinese Buddhism focuses on studying Mahayana sutras and Mahāyāna treatises and draws its main doctrines from these sources. Some of the most important scriptures in Chinese Buddhism include: Lotus Sutra, Flower Ornament Sutra, Vimalakirtī Sutra, Nirvana Sutra, and Amitābha Sutra.[2][3] Chinese Buddhism is the largest institutionalized religion in Mainland China.[4] Currently, there are an estimated 185 to 250 million Chinese Buddhists in the People's Republic of China.[4] It is also a major religion in Taiwan, Singapore, and Malaysia, as well as among the Chinese Diaspora.[2]

Institutions of Chinese Buddhism
Monasticism: Buddhist monks at Jintai Temple in Zhuhai, Guangdong, mainland China.
❷ Public temples: Inner view of the Ling Shan Brahma Palace (simplified Chinese: 梵宮; traditional Chinese: 梵宫; pinyin: fàn gōng) in Wuxi, Jiangsu, mainland China.
❸ Lay congregations: A Buddhist house assembly (居士林 jūshìlín).
Quick facts: Chinese Buddhism, Traditional Chinese, T...
Chinese Buddhism
Traditional Chinese漢傳佛教

Buddhism was first introduced to China during the Han Dynasty (202 BCE–220 CE). It was promoted by multiple emperors, especially during the Tang dynasty (618-907 CE), which helped it spread across the country.[5] The translation of a large body of Indian Buddhist scriptures into Chinese and the inclusion of these translations (along with Taoist and Confucian works) into a Chinese Buddhist canon had far-reaching implications for the dissemination of Buddhism throughout the East Asian cultural sphere, including Korea, Japan, and Vietnam. Chinese Buddhism also developed various unique traditions of Buddhist thought and practice, including Tiantai, Huayan, Chan Buddhism, and Pure Land Buddhism.

From its inception, Chinese Buddhism has been influenced by native Chinese religions and philosophy, especially Confucianism and Taoism, but also Chinese folk religion.

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