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Chinese New Year

Traditional Chinese holiday / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chinese New Year is the festival that celebrates the beginning of a new year on the traditional lunisolar and solar Chinese calendar. In Chinese and other East Asian cultures, the festival is commonly referred to as the Spring Festival (simplified Chinese: 春节; traditional Chinese: 春節; pinyin: Chūnjié)[3] as the spring season in the lunisolar calendar traditionally starts with lichun, the first of the twenty-four solar terms which the festival celebrates around the time of the Chinese New Year.[4] Marking the end of winter and the beginning of the spring season, observances traditionally take place from New Year’s Eve, the evening preceding the first day of the year to the Lantern Festival, held on the 15th day of the year. The first day of Chinese New Year begins on the new moon that appears between 21 January and 20 February.[note 1]

Quick facts: Chinese New Year, Also called, Observed ...
Chinese New Year
Clockwise from the top: Fireworks over Victoria Harbour in Hong Kong, lion dance in Boston Chinatown, red Lanterns on display, dragon dance in San Francisco, red envelopes, firecrackers exploding, spring couplet
Also calledSpring Festival, Lunar New Year
Observed byChinese people and Sinophone communities[1]
TypeCultural
Religious
(Chinese folk religion, Buddhist, Confucian, Taoist, some Christian communities)
CelebrationsLion dances, dragon dances, fireworks, family gathering, family meal, visiting friends and relatives, giving red envelopes, decorating with chunlian couplets
DateFirst day of the first month of the Chinese calendar (between 21 January and 20 February)
2021 date12 February[2]
2022 date1 February[2]
2023 date22 January[2]
FrequencyAnnual
Related toLantern Festival, which concludes the celebration of the Chinese New Year.
Mongolian New Year (Tsagaan Sar), Tibetan New Year (Losar), Japanese New Year (Shōgatsu), Korean New Year (Seollal), Vietnamese New Year (Tết), Indigenous Assamese New Year (Rongali Bihu)
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Quick facts: Chinese New Year, Traditional Chinese, S...
Chinese New Year
"Chinese New Year" in Traditional (top) and Simplified (bottom) Chinese characters
Traditional Chinese春節
Simplified Chinese春节
Literal meaning"Spring Festival"
Agricultural Calendar New Year
Traditional Chinese農曆新年
Simplified Chinese农历新年
Traditional Chinese New Year
Traditional Chinese中國傳統新年
Simplified Chinese中国传统新年
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Chinese New Year is one of the most important holidays in Chinese culture, and has strongly influenced Lunar New Year celebrations of its 56 ethnic groups, such as the Losar of Tibet (Tibetan: ལོ་གསར་), and of China's neighbours, including the Korean New Year (Korean: 설날; RR: Seollal), and the Tết of Vietnam,[6] as well as in Okinawa.[7] It is also celebrated worldwide in regions and countries that houses significant Overseas Chinese or Sinophone populations, especially in Southeast Asia. These include Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar,[8] the Philippines,[9] Singapore,[10] Thailand, and Vietnam. It is also prominent beyond Asia, especially in Australia, Canada, Mauritius,[11] New Zealand, Peru,[12] South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States, as well as various European countries.[13][14][15]

The Chinese New Year is associated with several myths and customs. The festival was traditionally a time to honor deities as well as ancestors.[16] Within China, regional customs and traditions concerning the celebration of the New Year vary widely,[17] and the evening preceding the New Year's Day is frequently regarded as an occasion for Chinese families to gather for the annual reunion dinner. It is also a tradition for every family to thoroughly clean their house, in order to sweep away any ill fortune and to make way for incoming good luck. Another custom is the decoration of windows and doors with red paper-cuts and couplets. Popular themes among these paper-cuts and couplets include good fortune or happiness, wealth, and longevity. Other activities include lighting firecrackers and giving money in red paper envelopes.