South Slavic ethnic group / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Croats (/ˈkræts/)[47] Croatian: Hrvati [xr̩ʋǎːti]) are a South Slavic ethnic group who share a common Croatian ancestry, culture, history and language. They are also a recognized minority in a number of neighboring countries, namely Austria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia and Slovenia.

Quick facts: Total population, Regions with significant po...
Croatian couple in festive dress, c.1913
Total population
c.7–8 million[1]
Regions with significant populations
Flag_of_Croatia.svg Croatia
3,550,000 (2021)[2]
Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina
544,780 (2013)[3]
Flag_of_the_United_States.svg United States414,714 (2012)[4]–1,200,000 (est.)[5]
Flag_of_Germany.svg Germany500,000 (2021)[6][7]
Flag_of_Chile.svg Chile380,000[8]
Flag_of_Argentina.svg Argentina250,000[9]
Flag_of_Austria.svg Austria221,719 (2020)[10]
Flag_of_Australia_%28converted%29.svg Australia164,362 (2021)[11]
Flag_of_Canada_%28Pantone%29.svg Canada133,965 (2016)[12]
Flag_of_New_Zealand.svg New Zealand100,000[13]
Flag_of_Switzerland_%28Pantone%29.svg Switzerland80,000 (2021)[14]
Flag_of_Brazil.svg Brazil70,000[9]
Flag_of_Italy.svg Italy60,000[15]
Flag_of_Serbia.svg Serbia57,900 (2011)[16]
Flag_of_Slovenia.svg Slovenia40,000 (est.)[17]
Flag_of_France.svg France40,000 (est.)[18]
Flag_of_Sweden.svg Sweden35,000 (est.)[19]
Other countries
(fewer than 30,000)
Flag_of_Hungary.svg Hungary22,995 (2016)[20]
Flag_of_Ireland.svg Ireland20,000 – 100,000 (est.)[21]
Flag_of_the_Netherlands.svg Netherlands10,000[22]
Flag_of_South_Africa.svg South Africa8,000[23]
Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg United Kingdom6,992[24]
Flag_of_Romania.svg Romania6,786[25]
Flag_of_Montenegro.svg Montenegro6,021 (2020)[26]
Flag_of_Peru.svg Peru6,000[9]
Flag_of_Colombia.svg Colombia5,800 (est.)[9][27]
Flag_of_Denmark.svg Denmark5,400[28]
Flag_of_Norway.svg Norway5,272[29]
Flag_of_Paraguay.svg Paraguay5,000[9][30]
Flag_of_Ecuador.svg Ecuador4,000[31]
Flag_of_Slovakia.svg Slovakia2,001[32][33]-2,600[34]
Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic.svg Czech Republic2,490[35]
Flag_of_Portugal.svg Portugal499[36]
Flag_of_Russia.svg Russia304[37]
North Americac.600,000–2,500,000[a]
South Americac.500,000–800,000
Predominantly Roman Catholicism[38]
Related ethnic groups
Other South Slavs[39]

a References:[40][41][42][43][44][45][46]

Due to political, social and economic reasons, many Croats migrated to North and South America as well as New Zealand and later Australia, establishing a diaspora in the aftermath of World War II, with grassroots assistance from earlier communities and the Roman Catholic Church.[48][49] In Croatia (the nation state), 3.9 million people identify themselves as Croats, and constitute about 90.4% of the population. Another 553,000 live in Bosnia and Herzegovina, where they are one of the three constituent ethnic groups, predominantly living in Western Herzegovina, Central Bosnia and Bosnian Posavina. The minority in Serbia number about 70,000, mostly in Vojvodina.[50][51] The ethnic Tarara people, indigenous to Te Tai Tokerau in New Zealand, are of mixed Croatian and Māori (predominately Ngāpuhi) descent. Tarara Day is celebrated every 15 March to commemorate their "highly regarded place in present-day Māoridom".[52][53]

Croats are mostly Roman Catholics. The Croatian language is official in Croatia, the European Union[54] and Bosnia and Herzegovina.[55] Croatian is a recognised minority language within Croatian autochthonous communities and minorities in Montenegro, Austria (Burgenland), Italy (Molise), Romania (Carașova, Lupac) and Serbia (Vojvodina).