Crown Dependencies

Self-governing possessions of the British Crown / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Crown Dependencies[1] are three island territories in the British Islands that are self-governing possessions of the British Crown: the Channel Islands of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey, in the English Channel and the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea. They are not part of the United Kingdom (UK) nor are they British Overseas Territories.[2][3] They have the status of "territories for which the United Kingdom is responsible", rather than sovereign states.[4] As a result, they are not member states of the Commonwealth of Nations.[5] However, they do have relationships with the Commonwealth and other international organizations, and are members of the British–Irish Council. They have their own teams in the Commonwealth Games.

Quick facts: Crown Dependencies .mw-parser-output .nobold{...
Crown Dependencies
Dépendances de la Couronne (French)
Croghaneyn-crooin (Manx)
Location of the Crown Dependencies (red) relative to the United Kingdom (dark grey) and Ireland (light grey)
Location of the Crown Dependencies (red) relative to the United Kingdom (dark grey) and Ireland (light grey)
Anthem: "God Save the King"
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Charles III

Each island's political development has been largely independent from, though often parallel with, that of the UK,[6] and they are akin to "miniature states with wide powers of self-government".[7]

As the Crown Dependencies are not sovereign states, the power to pass legislation affecting the islands ultimately rests with the King-in-Council (though this power is rarely exercised without the consent of the dependencies, and the right to do so is disputed). However, they each have their own legislative assembly, with power to legislate on many local matters with the assent of the Crown (Privy Council, or, in the case of the Isle of Man, in certain circumstances the lieutenant-governor).[8] In Jersey and the Isle of Man, the head of government is called the chief minister. In Guernsey, the head representative of the committee-based government is the President of the Policy and Resources Committee.