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Duchy of Brunswick

German duchy (1815–1918) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Duchy of Brunswick (German: Herzogtum Braunschweig) was a historical German state. Its capital was the city of Brunswick (Braunschweig). It was established as the successor state of the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel by the Congress of Vienna in 1815. In the course of the 19th-century history of Germany, the duchy was part of the German Confederation, the North German Confederation and from 1871 the German Empire. It was disestablished after the end of World War I, its territory incorporated into the Weimar Republic as the Free State of Brunswick.

Quick facts: Duchy of BrunswickHerzogtum Braunschweig ...
Duchy of Brunswick
Herzogtum Braunschweig (German)
1815–1918
Flag of Brunswick
Flagge_Herzogtum_Braunschweig.svg
Top: Flag (1815–1830)
Bottom: Flag (1830–1918)
Coat of arms of Brunswick
Coat of arms
The Duchy of Brunswick within the German Empire
The Duchy of Brunswick within the German Empire
StatusState of the German Confederation, the North German Confederation, and the German Empire
CapitalBraunschweig
Common languages
Religion
Evangelical Lutheran State Church in Brunswick
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Duke 
 1813–1815
Frederick William (first)
 1913–1918
Ernest Augustus (last)
LegislatureLandesversammlung
Historical eraModern era
1815
8 November 1918
Area
1910[1]3,672 km2 (1,418 sq mi)
Population
 1910[1]
494,339
CurrencyThaler 1842–1856
vereinsthaler 1858–1871
Goldmark 1873–1914
Papiermark 1914–1918
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Coat_of_arms_of_the_House_of_Welf-Brunswick_%28Braunschweig%29.svg Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Free State of Brunswick Flagge_Herzogtum_Braunschweig.svg
Today part ofGermany
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