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Estonian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate

Self-governed church of Russian Orthodox Church / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Estonian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate (EOC-MP; Estonian: Moskva Patriarhaadi Eesti Õigeusu Kirik; Russian: Эстонская православная церковь Московского патриархата) is a semi-autonomous church in the canonical jurisdiction of the Patriarchate of Moscow whose primate is appointed by the Holy Synod of the latter.

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Estonian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate
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Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, Tallinn
ClassificationEastern Orthodox Church
TheologyEastern Orthodox theology
PrimateEugene (Reshetnikov)
LanguageRussian
LiturgyByzantine Rite
HeadquartersTallinn, Estonia
TerritoryEstonia
FounderRussian Orthodox Church
Origin11 August 1992
Moscow, Russia
Recognition
Congregations38 (2021)[1]
Members170,000 (2020)[2]
Official websiteEstonian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate
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This church numbers roughly 150,000 faithful in 31 congregations and is the largest Eastern Orthodox church in Estonia. The primate of the church was Cornelius (Jakobs), Metropolitan of Tallinn and All Estonia, from 1992 to his death in 2018. Since 2018 the head of this church is Metropolitan Eugene (Reshetnikov).

Under Estonian law, another church – the Estonian Apostolic Orthodox Church (Eesti Apostlik-Õigeusu Kirik) – is the legal successor to the pre-World War II Estonian Orthodox Church, which in 1940 had had over 210,000 faithful, three bishops, 156 parishes, 131 priests, 19 deacons, two monasteries, and a theological seminary, the majority of the faithful were ethnic Estonians. The EAOC's primate is confirmed by the Orthodox Church of Constantinople and numbers about 20,000 faithful in 60 congregations today.[3] The reactivation of this autonomous Estonian Orthodox Church caused the Russian Orthodox Church to sever full communion with the Patriarchate of Constantinople in 1996 for several months.[4]

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