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Havana (//; Spanish: La Habana [la aˈβana] ⓘ; Lucumi: Ilú Pupu Ilé) is the capital and largest city of Cuba. The heart of the La Habana Province, Havana is the country's main port and commercial center. The city has a population of 2.3 million inhabitants, and it spans a total of 728.26 km2 (281.18 sq mi)for the Capital City side and 8,475.57 km² for the Metropolitan zone – making it the largest city by area, the most populous city, and the Second largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean region.
Municipio de San Cristóbal de La Habana
|Metro Zone||Greater Havana|
|Established||November 16, 1519|
|• Body||Gobierno Provincial de La Habana|
|• Governor||Yanet Hernández Pérez (PCC)|
|• Capital city||8.475.57 km2 (3.272 sq mi)|
|Elevation||59 m (195 ft)|
|• Capital city||2,130,517|
|• Rank||7th in North America|
1st in Cuba
|• Density||2,927.2/km2 (7,581/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (UTC−05:00)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (UTC−04:00)|
|Area code||(+53) 07|
|ISO 3166 code||CU-03|
|Patron saint||San Cristóbal|
|HDI (2019)||0.834 – very high|
|Official name||Old Havana and its Fortification System|
|Designated||1982 (6th session)|
|Region||Latin America and the Caribbean|
The city of Havana was founded by the Spanish in the 16th century. It served as a springboard for the Spanish conquest of the Americas, becoming a stopping point for Spanish galleons returning to Spain. Philip II of Spain granted Havana the title of capital in 1607. Walls as well as forts were built to protect the city.
The city is the center of the Cuban government, and home to various ministries, headquarters of businesses and over 100 diplomatic offices. The governor is Reinaldo García Zapata of the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC). In 2009, the city/province had the third highest income in the country.
Contemporary Havana can essentially be described as three cities in one: Old Havana, Vedado and the newer suburban districts. The city extends mostly westward and southward from the bay, which is entered through a narrow inlet and which divides into three main harbors: Marimelena, Guanabacoa and Antares. The Almendares River traverses the city from south to north, entering the Straits of Florida a few miles west of the bay.
The city attracts over a million tourists annually; the Official Census for Havana reports that in 2010 the city was visited by 1,176,627 international tourists, a 20% increase from 2005. Old Havana was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982. The city is also noted for its history, culture, architecture and monuments. As typical of Cuba, Havana experiences a tropical climate.