Emperor of Japan from 1926 to 1989 / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Emperor Shōwa (昭和天皇, Shōwa-tennō, 29 April 1901 – 7 January 1989), commonly known in English-speaking countries by his personal name Hirohito[lower-alpha 1] (裕仁), was the 124th emperor of Japan, ruling from 25 December 1926 until his death in 1989. Hirohito and his wife, Nagako, had two sons and five daughters; he was succeeded by his fifth child and eldest son, Akihito. By 1979, Hirohito was the only monarch in the world with the title "Emperor". He was the longest-reigning historical Japanese emperor and one of the longest-reigning monarchs in the world.

Quick facts: Emperor Shōwa .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-...
Emperor Shōwa
Official photograph, 1935
Emperor of Japan
Reign25 December 1926 7 January 1989
Enthronement10 November 1928
Prime ministers
Prince Regent of Japan
Regency25 November 1921 25 December 1926
BornHirohito (裕仁)
(1901-04-29)29 April 1901
Tōgū Palace, Aoyama, Tokyo, Empire of Japan
Died7 January 1989(1989-01-07) (aged 87)
Fukiage Palace, Tokyo, Japan
Burial24 February 1989
Musashi Imperial Graveyard, Hachiōji, Tokyo
(m. 1924)
Era name and dates
Shōwa: 25 December 1926 7 January 1989
Posthumous name
Emperor Shōwa (昭和天皇)
HouseImperial House of Japan
FatherEmperor Taishō
MotherSadako Kujō

Hirohito was the head of state under the Meiji Constitution during Japan's imperial expansion, militarization, and involvement in World War II. Japan waged a war across Asia in the 1930s and 40s in the name of Hirohito,[3] who was revered as a god.[4] After Japan's surrender, he was not prosecuted for war crimes, as General Douglas MacArthur thought that an ostensibly cooperative emperor would help establish a peaceful Allied occupation, and help the U.S. achieve their postwar objectives.[5] His role during the war remains controversial. On 1 January 1946, under pressure from the Allies, the Emperor formally renounced his divinity.[6] The Constitution of Japan of 1947 declared the Emperor to be a mere "symbol of the State ... deriving his position from the will of the people in whom resides sovereign power."[6]

In Japan, the emperor is never referred to by his given name; reigning emperors are known only as "the Emperor". Hirohito is now referred to in Japanese by his posthumous name, Shōwa, which is the name of the era coinciding with his reign.