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1256–1335 breakaway khanate of the Mongol Empire / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Ilkhanate or Il-khanate, also known as the Ilkhanids (Persian: ایل خانان, romanized: Īlkhānān), and known to the Mongols as Hülegü Ulus (lit.'people or state of Hülegü'),[9] was a Mongol khanate established from the southwestern sector of the Mongol Empire. The Ilkhanid realm was officially known as land of Iran or simply Iran.[10][11] It was established after Hulagu Khan, the son of Tolui and grandson of Genghis Khan, inherited the Southwest Asian part of the Mongol Empire after his brother Möngke Khan died in 1259.

Quick facts: Ilkhanateایل خانان, Status, Capital, Common&n...
ایل خانان
Flag of Ilkhanate
Flag depicted in the Angelino Dulcert's map of 1339 and the Catalan Atlas of 1375.[2]
The Ilkhanate at its greatest extent
The Ilkhanate at its greatest extent
Common languages
Hulagu Khan
Abu Sa'id
1310 est.[7][8]3,750,000 km2 (1,450,000 sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Blank.png Mongol Empire
Blank.png Abbasid Caliphate
Blank.png Nizari Ismaili state
Blank.png Sultanate of Rum
Blank.png Kingdom of Georgia
Blank.png Qutlugh-Khanids
Blank.png Ayyubid dynasty
Blank.png Salghurids
Blank.png Anatolian beyliks
Jalayirids Blank.png
Chobanids Blank.png
Muzaffarids Blank.png
Kartids Blank.png
Sarbadars Blank.png
Injuids Blank.png
Mihrabanids Blank.png
Eretnids Blank.png
Kingdom of Georgia Blank.png
Ottoman Beylik Blank.png
Mamluks Blank.png
Sutayids Blank.png
Anatolian beyliks Blank.png

The Ilkhanate's core territory lies in what is now part of the countries of Iran, Azerbaijan, and Turkey. At its greatest extent, the Ilkhanate also included parts of modern Iraq, Syria, Armenia, Georgia, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Pakistan, part of modern Dagestan, and part of modern Tajikistan. Later Ilkhanate rulers, beginning with Ghazan in 1295, converted to Islam. In the 1330s, the Ilkhanate was ravaged by the Black Death. The last ilkhan, Abu Sa'id Bahadur Khan, died in 1335, after which the Ilkhanate disintegrated.

The Ilkhanid rulers, although of non-Iranian origin, tried to advertise their authority by tying themselves to the Iranian past, and they recruited historians in order to present the Mongols as heirs to the Sasanian Empire (224–651) of pre-Islamic Iran.[12]