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International recognition of Kosovo

Overview of states recognising Kosovo as sovereign state / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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International recognition of Kosovo, since its declaration of independence from Serbia enacted on 17 February 2008, has been mixed, and international governments are divided on the issue.[1][2]

Map of states that have recognised Kosovo's independence (as of 21 March 2022)
  States which formally recognize Kosovo as independent.
  States which have stated they intend to formally recognize Kosovo as independent.
  States with undecided, unclear or ambiguous positions.
  States which have expressed disagreement with unilateral moves or expressed a wish for further negotiations.
  States which have stated that they do not recognize Kosovo as independent.
  States with no reported position at present.

As of 4 September 2020, 101 out of 193 (52.3%) United Nations member states, 22 out of 27 (81.5%) European Union member states, 26 out of 30 (86.7%) NATO member states, and 33 out of 57 (57.9%) Organisation of Islamic Cooperation member states have recognised Kosovo. Conflicts have arisen regarding the number of countries recognizing Kosovo. The Government of Serbia does not recognise it as a sovereign state.[3]

In 2013, the two sides began to normalise relations in accordance with the Brussels Agreement. In September 2020, Serbia and Kosovo agreed to normalise economic ties.[4][5] Serbia also agreed to suspend its efforts to encourage other states to either not recognise Kosovo or to revoke recognition for one year, while Kosovo agreed to not apply for new membership of international organisations for the same period.[6]

Among the G20 countries, eleven (including all seven G7 countries) have recognised Kosovo as an independent state: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Eight (including all five BRICS countries), however, have not: Argentina, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Russia, and South Africa.