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Ivory Coast

Country in West Africa / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Ivory Coast, officially the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, also known as Côte d'Ivoire,[lower-alpha 1] is a country on the southern coast of West Africa. Its capital is Yamoussoukro, in the centre of the country, while its largest city and economic centre is the port city of Abidjan. It borders Guinea to the northwest, Liberia to the west, Mali to the northwest, Burkina Faso to the northeast, Ghana to the east, and the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean) to the south. Its official language is French, and indigenous languages are also widely used, including Bété, Baoulé, Dioula, Dan, Anyin, and Cebaara Senufo. In total, there are around 78 different languages spoken in Ivory Coast. The country has a religiously diverse population, including numerous followers of Islam, Christianity, and Traditional Faiths like Animism.[8][1]

Quick facts: Republic of Côte d'IvoireRépublique de Côte d...
Republic of Côte d'Ivoire
République de Côte d'Ivoire (French)
Motto: 'Union – Discipline – Travail' (French)
'Unity – Discipline – Work'
Anthem: L'Abidjanaise
(English: "Song of Abidjan")
CapitalYamoussoukro (political)
Abidjan (economic)
6°51′N 5°18′W
Largest cityAbidjan
Official languagesFrench
Ethnic groups
(2021 census)[1]
  • 78.0% Ivorian
    • 38.0% Akan
    • 22.0% Northern Mande
    • 22.0% Voltaiques/Gur
    • 9.1% Kru
    • 8.6% Southern Mande
    • 0.3% Naturalized Ivorian
  • 22.0% Non-Ivoriana
(2021 census)[1]
  • Ivorian
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
Alassane Ouattara
Tiémoko Meyliet Koné
Patrick Achi
LegislatureParliament of Ivory Coast
National Assembly
 Republic established
4 December 1958
 Independence from France
7 August 1960
322,463 km2 (124,504 sq mi) (68th)
 Water (%)
 2023 estimate
29,344,847[3] (52nd)
91.1/km2 (235.9/sq mi) (139th)
GDP (PPP)2023 estimate
Increase $204 billion[4] (78th)
 Per capita
Increase $7,010[4] (138th)
GDP (nominal)2023 estimate
Increase $77 billion[4] (84th)
 Per capita
Increase $2,646[4] (141st)
Gini (2015)Steady 41.5[5]
HDI (2021)Decrease 0.550[6]
medium · 159th
CurrencyWest African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zoneUTC±00:00 (GMT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+225
ISO 3166 codeCI
  1. Including approximately 130,000 Lebanese and 14,000 French people.

    Before its colonization, Ivory Coast was home to several states, including Gyaaman, the Kong Empire, and Baoulé. The area became a protectorate of France in 1843 and was consolidated as a French colony in 1893 amid the Scramble for Africa. It achieved independence in 1960, led by Félix Houphouët-Boigny, who ruled the country until 1993. Relatively stable by regional standards, Ivory Coast established close political-economic ties with its West African neighbours while maintaining close relations with the West, especially France. Its stability was diminished by a coup d'état in 1999 and two civil wars—first between 2002 and 2007[9] and again during 2010–2011. It adopted a new constitution in 2016.[10]

    Ivory Coast is a republic with strong executive power vested in its president. Through the production of coffee and cocoa, it was an economic powerhouse in West Africa during the 1960s and 1970s, then experienced an economic crisis in the 1980s, contributing to a period of political and social turmoil that extended until 2011. Ivory Coast has experienced again high economic growth since the return of peace and political stability in 2011. From 2012 to 2021, the economy grew by an average of 7.4% per year in real terms, the second-fastest rate of economic growth in Africa and fourth-fastest rate in the world.[11] In 2020, Ivory Coast was the world's largest exporter of cocoa beans and had high levels of income for its region.[12] The economy still relies heavily on agriculture, with smallholder cash-crop production predominating.[2]