Kingdom of Valencia

Monarchal state on the coast of the Iberian Peninsula (1238–1707) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Kingdom of Valencia (Valencian: Regne de València, IPA: [ˈreŋne ðe vaˈlensia]; Spanish: Reino de Valencia; Latin: Regnum Valentiae), located in the eastern shore of the Iberian Peninsula, was one of the component realms of the Crown of Aragon. When the Crown of Aragon merged by dynastic union with the Crown of Castile to form the Kingdom of Spain, the Kingdom of Valencia became a component realm of the Spanish monarchy.

Quick facts: Kingdom of ValenciaRegne de València (in Vale...
Kingdom of Valencia
Regne de València (in Valencian)
Reino de Valencia (in Spanish)
Regnum Valentiae (in Latin)
1238 – 1707
Associated emblem of Valencia
Associated emblem[2]
Kingdom of Valencia and its administrative structure
Kingdom of Valencia and its administrative structure
StatusRealm of the Crown of Aragon
Common languagesValencian, Aragonese, Castilian, Andalusi Arabic and Latin
James I of Aragon
Philip V of Spain
LegislatureValencian Courts
Historical eraMedieval / Early modern
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Blank.png Taifa of Valencia
Blank.png Taifa of Dénia
Enlightenment in Spain Flag_of_Spain_%281701%E2%80%931760%29.svg
Today part ofSpain
Christian conquest of the Emirates of Valencia and Dénia (brown shades); 19th century additions to the present day Valencian Community (green) do not belong to the historic kingdom; the Biar-Busot line formed the southern border of the kingdom until 1296

The Kingdom of Valencia was formally created in 1238 when the Moorish taifa of Valencia was taken in the course of the Reconquista. It was dissolved, along the other components of the old crown of Aragon, by Philip V of Spain in 1707, by means of the Nueva Planta decrees, as a result of the Spanish War of Succession.

During its existence, the Kingdom of Valencia was ruled by the laws and institutions stated in the Furs (charters) of Valencia; these charters granted it wide self-government under the Crown of Aragon and, later on, under the Spanish Kingdom.

The boundaries and identity of the present Spanish autonomous community of the Valencian Community are essentially those of the former Kingdom of Valencia.