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Capital and largest city of Cuba / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Havana (/həˈvænə/; Spanish: La Habana [la aˈβana] (Loudspeaker.svglisten); Lucumi: Ilú Pupu Ilé)[4] is the capital and largest city of Cuba. The heart of the La Habana Province, Havana is the country's main port and commercial center.[5] The city has a population of 2.3 million inhabitants,[6][5] and it spans a total of 728.26 km2 (281.18 sq mi)[2] – making it the largest city by area, the most populous city, and the fourth largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean region.[6][7]

Quick facts: Havana La HabanaSan Cristóbal de la Haban...
La Habana
San Cristóbal de la Habana
Capital city
Havana Cathedral
Plaza Vieja
Old Havana
The Great Theatre of Havana
San Francisco Square, Havana
City of Columns[1]
Havana is located in Cuba
Location in Cuba
Havana is located in Caribbean
Havana (Caribbean)
Havana is located in Gulf of Mexico
Havana (Gulf of Mexico)
Coordinates: 23°08′12″N 82°21′32″W
ProvinceLa Habana
EstablishedNovember 16, 1519
  BodyGobierno Provincial de La Habana
  GovernorReinaldo García Zapata (PCC)
  Capital city728.26 km2 (281.18 sq mi)
59 m (195 ft)
  Capital city2,383,517[2]
  Density2,924.2/km2 (7,574/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−5 (UTC−05:00)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (UTC−04:00)
Postal code
Area code(+53) 07
ISO 3166 codeCU-03
Patron saintSan Cristóbal
HDI (2019)0.834[3]very high
Official nameOld Havana and its Fortification System
Criteriaiv, v
Designated1982 (6th session)
Reference no.204
RegionLatin America and the Caribbean

The city of Havana was founded by the Spanish in the 16th century. It served as a springboard for the Spanish conquest of the Americas, becoming a stopping point for Spanish galleons returning to Spain. Philip II of Spain granted Havana the title of capital in 1607.[8] Walls as well as forts were built to protect the city.[9]

The city is the center of the Cuban government, and home to various ministries, headquarters of businesses and over 100 diplomatic offices.[10] The governor is Reinaldo García Zapata of the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC).[11][12] In 2009, the city/province had the third highest income in the country.[13]

Contemporary Havana can essentially be described as three cities in one: Old Havana, Vedado and the newer suburban districts. The city extends mostly westward and southward from the bay, which is entered through a narrow inlet and which divides into three main harbors: Marimelena, Guanabacoa and Antares. The Almendares River traverses the city from south to north, entering the Straits of Florida a few miles west of the bay.[14]

The city attracts over a million tourists annually;[15] the Official Census for Havana reports that in 2010 the city was visited by 1,176,627 international tourists,[15] a 20% increase from 2005. Old Havana was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982.[16] The city is also noted for its history, culture, architecture and monuments.[17] As typical of Cuba, Havana experiences a tropical climate.[18]