Laozi

Chinese philosopher, founder of Taoism / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Laozi (Chinese: 老子, Mandarin: [làu.tsɹ̩]; commonly translated as "Old Master"), also rendered as Lao Tzu (/ˈl ˈts, -ˈdzʌ/),[2][3] or Lao-Tze (/ˈl ˈdz/),[4] proper name Li Er, courtesy name Boyang, was an ancient Chinese philosopher and writer.[5] He is the reputed author of the Tao Te Ching,[6] the founder of philosophical Taoism, and a deity in religious Taoism and traditional Chinese religions.

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Laozi
老子
Laozi by Zhang Lu; Ming dynasty (1368–1644)
BornUnknown, 6th century – 4th century BCE
traditionally, Chujen village, State of Chu (present-day Luyi, Henan)
DiedUnknown, late 4th century BCE
traditionally, Didao, State of Qin (present-day Lintao, Gansu)
EraAncient philosophy
RegionChinese philosophy
SchoolTaoism
Notable ideas
Tao, wu wei
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Quick facts: Laozi, Chinese name, Chinese, Hanyu Pinyin, L...
Laozi
"Lǎozǐ" in seal script (top) and regular Chinese characters (bottom)
Chinese name
Chinese老子
Hanyu PinyinLǎozǐ
Literal meaning"Old Master"
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Given name:Er (, Ěr)
Surname:Li (, )
Courtesy name:Boyang (, Bóyáng), Dan (, Dān)
Styled:Old Master (老子, Lǎozǐ)
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A semi-legendary figure, Laozi is usually portrayed as a 6th-century BCE contemporary of Confucius in the Spring and Autumn period. Some modern historians consider him to have lived during the Warring States period of the 4th century BCE.[7] A central figure in Chinese culture, Laozi is claimed by both the emperors of the Tang dynasty and modern people of the Li surname as a founder of their lineage. Laozi's work has been embraced by various anti-authoritarian movements,[8] and has had a profound impact on subsequent Chinese philosophers, who have both commended and criticized his work extensively.