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City and special administrative region of China / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Macau or Macao (English: /məˈk/ ; Portuguese: [mɐˈkaw]; Chinese: 澳門, Cantonese: [ōu.mǔːn]), officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (MSAR),[11] is a city and special administrative region of China in the western Pearl River Delta by the South China Sea. With a population of about 680,000[12] and an area of 32.9 km2 (12.7 sq mi), it is the most densely populated region in the world.

Quick facts: Macau澳門, Chinese , Cantonese Yale romanisatio...
Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Other official names
  • Chinese:中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區
    Cantonese Yale romanisation:Jūng'wàh Yàhnmàhn Guhng'wòhgwok Oumún Dahkbiht Hàhngjingkēui
    Portuguese:Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China
Location of Macau within China
Location of Macau within China
Sovereign stateChina
Portuguese lease1557
Treaty of Peking1 December 1887
Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration26 March 1987
Transfer from Portugal20 December 1999
Largest parish
by population
Nossa Senhora de Fátima
Official languages
Ethnic groups
88.4% Han Chinese
4.6% Filipino
2.4% Vietnamese
1.7% Portuguese
2.8% other[3]
Demonym(s)Macau[lower-alpha 3]
GovernmentDevolved executive-led government within a unitary one-party state[6]
Ho Iat Seng
André Cheong Weng Chon
Kou Hoi In
Sam Hou Fai
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
National representation
12 deputies
29 delegates[7]
115.3 km2 (44.5 sq mi)
 Water (%)
Highest elevation172.4 m (565.6 ft)
 2022 estimate
20,300/km2 (52,576.8/sq mi) (1st)
GDP (PPP)2023 estimate
Increase $69.565 billion[8] (115th)
 Per capita
Increase $98,157[8] (9th)
GDP (nominal)2023 estimate
Increase $38.480 billion[8] (100th)
 Per capita
Increase $54,295[8] (23rd)
Gini (2018)36.0[9]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.922[lower-alpha 4]
very high · 17th
CurrencyMacanese pataca (MOP)
Time zoneUTC+08:00 (Macau Standard Time)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Mains electricity220 V–50 Hz
Driving sideleft
Calling code+853
ISO 3166 code
Internet TLD
Licence plate prefixesNone for local vehicles, 粤Z for cross-boundary vehicles

Formerly a Portuguese colony, the territory of Portuguese Macau was first leased by the Ming dynasty to Portugal as a trading post in 1557. Portugal paid an annual rent and administered the territory under Chinese sovereignty until 1887.

Portugal later gained perpetual colonial rights in the Sino-Portuguese Treaty of Peking. The colony remained under Portuguese rule until 1999, when it was transferred to China. Macau is a special administrative region of China, which maintains separate governing and economic systems from those of mainland China under the principle of "one country, two systems".[13] The unique blend of Portuguese and Chinese architecture in the city's historic centre has resulted in its inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2005.[14]

Originally a sparsely populated collection of coastal islands,[15] Macau, often referred to as the "Las Vegas of the East", since the late 20th century has become a major resort city and a top destination for gambling tourism. Its gambling industry is seven times larger than that of Las Vegas.[16] The city has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world, US$43,770 in 2021,[17] and its GDP per capita by purchasing power parity is one of the highest in the world.[18][19]

It has a very high Human Development Index, as calculated by the Macau government,[10] and the fourth-highest life expectancy in the world.[20] The territory is highly urbanised; two-thirds of the total land area is built on land reclaimed from the sea.[21]

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