Manchu people

East Asian ethnic group native to northeastern China (Manchuria) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Manchus (Manchu: ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ,Möllendorff: manju; Chinese: 滿族; pinyin: Mǎnzú; Wade–Giles: Man3-tsu2)A are a Tungusic East Asian ethnic group native to Manchuria in Northeast Asia. They are an officially recognized ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.[4][5] The Later Jin (1616–1636) and Qing (1636–1912) dynasties of China were established and ruled by the Manchus, who are descended from the Jurchen people who earlier established the Jin dynasty (1115–1234) in northern China. Manchus form the largest branch of the Tungusic peoples and are distributed throughout China, forming the fourth largest ethnic group in the country.[1] They can be found in 31 Chinese provincial regions. Among them, Liaoning has the largest population and Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Inner Mongolia and Beijing have over 100,000 Manchu residents. About half of the population live in Liaoning and one-fifth in Hebei. There are a number of Manchu autonomous counties in China, such as Xinbin, Xiuyan, Qinglong, Fengning, Yitong, Qingyuan, Weichang, Kuancheng, Benxi, Kuandian, Huanren, Fengcheng, BeizhenB and over 300 Manchu towns and townships.[6]:206–207 Manchus are the largest minority group in China without an autonomous region.

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Total population
Regions with significant populations
China Mainland China10,410,585 (2010 census)[1]
Taiwan Taiwan12,000 (2004 estimate)[2]
Hong Kong Hong Kong1,000 (1997 estimate)[3]
Japan Japan1,000
Mandarin Chinese
Manchu shamanism, Buddhism, Chinese folk religion, Atheism and Roman Catholicism
Related ethnic groups
Other Tungusic peoples, Han Chinese people