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Montana

U.S. state / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Montana (/mɒnˈtænə/ (listen)) is a state in the Mountain West division of the Western United States. It is bordered by Idaho to the west, North Dakota and South Dakota to the east, Wyoming to the south, and the Canadian provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, and Saskatchewan to the north. It is the fourth-largest state by area, the eighth-least populous state, and the third-least densely populated state. Its state capital is Helena, while the largest city is Billings. The western half of Montana contains numerous mountain ranges, while the eastern half is characterized by western prairie terrain and badlands, with smaller mountain ranges found throughout the state.

Quick facts: Montana, Country, Before statehood, Admitted ...
Montana
Nickname(s): 
Big Sky Country, The Treasure State
Motto(s): 
"Oro y Plata" (Spanish)
"Gold and Silver"
Anthem: "Montana"
Map of the United States with Montana highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodMontana Territory
Admitted to the UnionNovember 8, 1889 (41st)
CapitalHelena
Largest cityBillings
Largest metro and urban areasBillings
Government
  GovernorGreg Gianforte (R)
  Lieutenant GovernorKristen Juras (R)
LegislatureMontana Legislature
  Upper houseSenate
  Lower houseHouse of Representatives
JudiciaryMontana Supreme Court
U.S. senatorsJon Tester (D)
Steve Daines (R)
U.S. House delegation (list)
Area
  Total147,040[1] sq mi (380,800 km2)
  Land145,552[2] sq mi (376,980 km2)
  Water1,491 sq mi (3,862 km2)  1%
  Rank4th
Dimensions
  Length255 mi (410 km)
  Width630 mi (1,015 km)
Elevation
3,400 ft (1,040 m)
Highest elevation12,807 ft (3,903.5 m)
Lowest elevation1,804 ft (557 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total1,085,407[5]
  Rank43rd
  Density7.09/sq mi (2.73/km2)
   Rank48th
  Median household income
$56,539 [6]
  Income rank
40th
DemonymMontanan
Language
  Official languageEnglish
Time zoneUTC−07:00 (Mountain)
  Summer (DST)UTC−06:00 (MDT)
USPS abbreviation
MT
ISO 3166 codeUS-MT
Traditional abbreviationMont.
Latitude44° 21′ N to 49° N
Longitude104° 2′ W to 116° 3′ W
Websitewww.mt.gov
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Montana has no official nickname but several unofficial ones, most notably "Big Sky Country", "The Treasure State", "Land of the Shining Mountains", and "The Last Best Place".[7] The economy is primarily based on agriculture, including ranching and cereal grain farming. Other significant economic resources include oil, gas, coal, mining, and lumber. The health care, service, and government sectors are also significant to the state's economy. Montana's fastest-growing sector is tourism, with 12.6 million tourists (as of 2019) visiting the state each year.[8]