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Newfoundland and Labrador

Province of Canada / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Newfoundland and Labrador (/nfənˈlænd ... læbrəˈdɔːr/; French: Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador; frequently abbreviated as NL) is the easternmost province of Canada, in the country's Atlantic region. The province comprises the island of Newfoundland and the continental region of Labrador, having a total size of 405,212 square kilometres (156,500 sq mi). In 2021, the population of Newfoundland and Labrador was estimated to be 521,758.[8] The island of Newfoundland (and its smaller neighbouring islands) is home to around 94 per cent of the province's population, with more than half residing in the Avalon Peninsula. Labrador borders the province of Quebec, and the French overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon lies about 20 km west of the Burin Peninsula.

Quick facts: Newfoundland and Labrador, Country, Confedera...
Newfoundland and Labrador
Quaerite prime regnum Dei (Latin)
"Seek ye first the kingdom of God" (Matthew 6:33)
Coordinates: 53°13′48″N 59°59′57″W[1]
ConfederationMarch 31, 1949 (12th)
(and largest city)
St. John's
Largest metroGreater St. John's
  TypeParliamentary constitutional monarchy
  Lieutenant governorJudy Foote
  PremierAndrew Furey
LegislatureNewfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly
Federal representationParliament of Canada
House seats7 of 338 (2.1%)
Senate seats6 of 105 (5.7%)
  Total405,720 km2 (156,650 sq mi)
  Land373,872 km2 (144,353 sq mi)
  Water31,340 km2 (12,100 sq mi)  7.7%
 4.1% of Canada
(Q1 2023)
  Density1.37/km2 (3.5/sq mi)
(see notes)[lower-alpha 1]
Official languagesEnglish (de facto)[5]
  Total (2011)C$33.624 billion[6]
  Per capitaC$65,556 (5th)
  HDI (2019)0.894[7]Very high (13th)
Time zones
NewfoundlandUTC-03:30 (Newfoundland Time Zone)
Labrador (Black Tickle and North)UTC-04:00 (Atlantic Time Zone)
Canadian postal abbr.
NL (formerly NF)
Postal code prefix
ISO 3166 codeCA-NL
FlowerPitcher plant
TreeBlack spruce
BirdAtlantic puffin
Rankings include all provinces and territories

According to the 2016 census, 97.0 per cent of residents reported English as their native language, making Newfoundland and Labrador Canada's most linguistically homogeneous province. A majority of the population is descended from English and Irish settlers, giving Newfoundland its reputation as "the most Irish place outside Ireland."[9]

St. John's, the capital and largest city of Newfoundland and Labrador, is Canada's 22nd-largest census metropolitan area and it is home to about 40% of the province's population. St. John's is the seat of the House of Assembly of Newfoundland and Labrador as well as the jurisdiction's highest court, the Newfoundland and Labrador Court of Appeal.

Until 1949 the Dominion of Newfoundland, in 1933 the House of Assembly of the self-governing dominion voted to dissolve itself and to hand over administration of Newfoundland and Labrador to the British-appointed Commission of Government. This followed the suffering caused by the Great Depression and Newfoundland's participation in World War I. On March 31, 1949, it became the 10th and newest province to join the Canadian Confederation as "Newfoundland". On December 6, 2001, the Constitution of Canada was amended to change the province's name to "Newfoundland and Labrador".