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The Northeastern United States, also referred to as the Northeast, the East Coast, or the American Northeast, is a geographic region of the United States located on the Atlantic coast of North America. It borders Canada to its north, the Southern United States to its south, the Midwestern United States to its west, and the Atlantic Ocean to its east.
Northeastern United States
American Northeast, the Northeast
|• Region||181,324 sq mi (469,630 km2)|
|• Land||162,257 sq mi (420,240 km2)|
|• Water||19,067 sq mi (49,380 km2) 9.51%|
|• Urban||74,800 sq mi (194,000 km2)|
(Mount Washington, New Hampshire)
|6,288 ft (1,916.66 m)|
|Lowest elevation||0 ft (0 m)|
|• Density||320/sq mi (120/km2)|
|Demonym(s)||Northerner, Northeasterner, Yankee|
|• Total||$5.104 trillion (2022)|
|• per capita||$88,597 (2022)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
The Northeast is one of the four regions defined by the U.S. Census Bureau for the collection and analysis of statistics. The Census Bureau defines the region as including the six New England states of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont, and three northern Mid-Atlantic states of New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. Some expanded definitions of the region include Delaware, Maryland, Northern Virginia, and Washington, D.C..
The region is home to the Northeast megalopolis, which includes many of the nation's largest metropolitan areas, including Boston, New York City, Philadelphia, and Washington, D.C. The megalopolis makes up 67% of the region's total population of 57,609,148. The gross domestic product of the region was $5.1 trillion dollars as of 2022 and contains some of the most developed states based on the Human Development Index, with every state with the exception of Maine above the national average. It is also the most densely populated region in the United States, with 320 people per square mile (120 people/km2). The U.S. Census Bureau defines the Northeast United States as having a total area of 181,324 sq mi (469,630 km2), making it the smallest region of the United States by total area.
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