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Premier of the People's Republic of China

Head of the Chinese Government / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, commonly called the premier of China, is the head of government of China and leader of the State Council. The premier is the second-highest ranking person in China's political system, under the general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (paramount leader)/president (state representative), and holds the highest rank in the civil service of the central government.

Quick facts: Premier of the State Council of the People's ...
Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Li Qiang
since 11 March 2023
State Council of the People's Republic of China
TypeHead of government
Member of
  • Plenary Meeting of the State Council
  • Executive Meeting of the State Council
Reports toNational People's Congress and its Standing Committee
ResidencePremier's Office, Zhongnanhai, Beijing
(chosen within the Chinese Communist Party)
AppointerNational People's Congress
Term lengthFive years, renewable once consecutively
Constituting instrumentConstitution of the People's Republic of China
PrecursorPremier of the Government Administration Council of the Central People's Government
Inaugural holderZhou Enlai
Formation7 November 1931; 92 years ago (1931-11-07) (Chinese Soviet Republic)
1 October 1949; 74 years ago (1949-10-01) (People's Republic of China)
Abolished22 September 1937; 86 years ago (1937-09-22) (Chinese Soviet Republic)
Unofficial namesPrime Minister
DeputyVice Premier
State councillor
SalaryCN¥150,000 per annum est. (2015)[1] Edit this at Wikidata
Quick facts: Premier of the State Council of the People's ...
Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Simplified Chinese中华人民共和国国务院总理
Traditional Chinese中華人民共和國國務院總理
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese国务院总理
Traditional Chinese國務院總理

The premier presides over the plenary and executive meetings of the State Council, and assumes overall leadership over the State Council's work. The premier also signs administrative regulations passed by the State Council and signs the orders approving the appointment and removal of deputy-ministerial level officials of the State Council, as well as chief executives of Hong Kong and Macau. The premier is assisted by four vice premiers and state councillors in their duties. In China's political system, the premier has generally thought to be the one responsible for managing the economy.

The premier is constitutionally elected by the National People's Congress (NPC), and responsible to it and its Standing Committee. The premier serves for a five-year term, renewable once consecutively. Every premier has been a member of the Politburo Standing Committee since the PRC's founding in 1949, except during brief transition periods. The incumbent premier is Li Qiang, who took office on 11 March 2023, succeeding Li Keqiang.

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