Politics of China

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In China, politics functions within a communist state framework based on the system of people's congress under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), with the National People's Congress (NPC) functioning as the highest organ of state power and only branch of government per the principle of unified power. The CCP leads state activities by holding two-thirds of the seats in the NPC, and these party members are, in accordance with democratic centralism, responsible for implementing the policies adopted by the CCP Central Committee and the National Congress. The NPC has unlimited state power bar the limitations it sets on itself. By controlling the NPC, the CCP has complete state power. China's two special administrative regions (SARs), Hong Kong and Macau, are nominally autonomous from this system.

Quick facts: Politics of the People's Republic of China ....
Politics of the People's Republic of China

Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó de zhèngzhì
SystemCommunist state under the system of people's congress
ConstitutionConstitution of the People's Republic of China
Formation1 October 1949
Leading force of state and society
PartyChinese Communist Party
General SecretaryXi Jinping
Supreme organNational Congress
Highest organCentral Committee
Political organPolitburo
Executive organSecretariat
Military organCentral Military Commission
Supervisory organCentral Commission for Discipline Inspection
Highest organ of state power
Full Convocation
NameNational People's Congress
Presiding bodyPresidium
Meeting placeGreat Hall of the People, Beijing
Standing Body
Standing bodyStanding Committee
ChairZhao Leji
Secretary-GeneralLiu Qi
Executive organ
NameState Council
Head of Government
CurrentlyLi Qiang
Current term14th State Council
Military organ
NameCentral Military Commission
ChairmanXi Jinping
Vice ChairmanZhang Youxia and He Weidong
Supervisory organ
NameNational Supervisory Commission
DirectorLiu Jinguo
Vice DirectorXiao Pei, Yu Hongqiu, Fu Kui, Sun Xinyang, Liu Xuexin and Zhang Fuhai
Judicial organ
NameSupreme People's Court
Chief judgeZhang Jun (President)
Procuratorial organ
NameSupreme People's Procuratorate
HeadYing Yong (Prosecutor-General)

The Chinese political system is considered authoritarian.[1][2][3][4][5][6] There are no freely elected national leaders, political opposition is suppressed, all religious activity is controlled by the CCP, dissent is not permitted, and civil rights are curtailed.[7][8] Direct elections occur only at the local level, not the national level, with all candidate nominations controlled by the CCP.[9][10][11][12][13][14]

The nature of the elections is highly constrained by the CCP's monopoly on power in China, censorship, and party control over elections.[15][16] According to academic Rory Truex of the Princeton School of Public and International Affairs, "the CCP tightly controls the nomination and election processes at every level in the people's congress system... the tiered, indirect electoral mechanism in the People's Congress system ensures that deputies at the highest levels face no semblance of electoral accountability to the Chinese citizenry."[17]

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