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San Juan, Puerto Rico

Capital and largest city of Puerto Rico / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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San Juan (/ˌsæn ˈhwɑːn/, Spanish: [saŋ ˈxwan]; Spanish for "Saint John") is the capital city and most populous municipality in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States. As of the 2020 census, it is the 57th-largest city under the jurisdiction of the United States, with a population of 342,259. San Juan was founded by Spanish colonists in 1521, who called it Ciudad de Puerto Rico ("City of Puerto Rico", Spanish for rich port city).

Quick facts: San Juan Municipio Autónomo de San Juan, ...
San Juan
Municipio Autónomo de San Juan
Autonomous Municipality of San Juan
Flag of San Juan
Coat of arms of San Juan

"La Ciudad Amurallada"
Spanish for "The Walled City"
"Ciudad Capital"
Spanish for "Capital City"
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting San Juan Municipality
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting San Juan Municipality
San Juan is located in North America
San Juan
San Juan
Location within North America
Coordinates: 18°24′23″N 66°3′50″W[1]
Sovereign stateFlag_of_the_United_States.svg United States
CommonwealthFlag_of_Puerto_Rico.svg Puerto Rico
Named forJohn the Baptist
  Mayor of San JuanMiguel Romero Lugo (PNP)
  Municipality77.0 sq mi (199 km2)
  Land47.9 sq mi (124 km2)
  Water29.1 sq mi (75 km2)  37.8%
763.60 sq mi (1,977.7 km2)
Elevation26 ft (8 m)
  Rank1st in Puerto Rico
57th in the United States
  Density7,147.1/sq mi (2,759.5/km2)
  Urban density2,415.4/sq mi (932.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
ZIP Codes
00901, 00907, 00909, 00911-00913, 00915, 00917, 00918, 00920, 00921, 00923-00927
Area codes787 and 939
Major routesPR_primary_1.svg PR_primary_2.svg PR_primary_18.svg PR_primary_20.svg PR_primary_26.svg PR_urban_primary_3.svg PR_urban_primary_8.svg PR_urban_primary_16.svg PR_urban_primary_21.svg PR_urban_primary_23.svg PR_urban_primary_25.svg PR_urban_primary_25R.svg PR_urban_primary_27.svg PR_urban_primary_35.svg PR_urban_primary_176.svg PR_urban_primary_177.svg PR_urban_primary_181.svg PR_urban_primary_199.svg Ellipse_sign_19.svg Ellipse_sign_28.svg Ellipse_sign_36.svg Ellipse_sign_37.svg Ellipse_sign_38.svg Ellipse_sign_39.svg Ellipse_sign_40.svg Ellipse_sign_41.svg Ellipse_sign_42.svg Ellipse_sign_47.svg
Toll_plate_yellow.svg Toll_plate_yellow.svg Toll_plate_yellow.svg
PR_primary_17.svg PR_primary_22.svg PR_primary_52.svg

Puerto Rico's capital is the second oldest European-established capital city in the Americas, after Santo Domingo, in the Dominican Republic, founded in 1496,[5] and is the oldest European-established city under United States sovereignty. Several historical buildings are located in the historic district of Old San Juan; among the most notable are the city's former defensive walls, Fort San Felipe del Morro and Fort San Cristóbal, and La Fortaleza, the oldest executive mansion in continuous use in the Americas. These historic sites were declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.[6]

Today, San Juan is Puerto Rico's most important seaport[7] and is the island's financial, cultural, and tourism center. The population of the metropolitan statistical area, including San Juan and the municipalities of Bayamón, Guaynabo, Cataño, Canóvanas, Caguas, Toa Alta, Toa Baja, Carolina and Trujillo Alto, is about 2.443 million inhabitants; thus, about 76% of the population of Puerto Rico now lives and works in this area.[8] San Juan is also a principal city of the San Juan-Caguas-Fajardo Combined Statistical Area. The city has been the host of events within the sports community, including the 1979 Pan American Games; 1966 Central American and Caribbean Games; events of the 2006, 2009 and 2013 World Baseball Classics; the Caribbean Series and the Special Olympics and MLB San Juan Series in 2010.

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