Second Barbary War

1815 war between Algiers and the United States / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Second Barbary War (1815) or the U.S.–Algerian War[2] was fought between the United States and the North African Barbary Coast states of Tripoli, Tunis, and Algiers. The war ended when the United States Senate ratified Commodore Stephen Decatur's Algerian treaty on 5 December 1815.[3] However, Dey Omar Agha of Algeria repudiated the US treaty, refused to accept the terms of peace that had been ratified by the Congress of Vienna, and threatened the lives of all Christian inhabitants of Algiers. William Shaler was the US commissioner in Algiers who had negotiated alongside Decatur, but he fled aboard British vessels[4] during the 1816 bombardment of Algiers. He negotiated a new treaty in 1816[citation needed] which was not ratified by the Senate until 11 February 1822, because of an oversight.[3]

Quick facts: Second Barbary War, Date, Location, Result, B...
Second Barbary War
Part of the Barbary Wars
DecaturOffAlgiers.jpg
Decatur's squadron off Algiers
Date17–19 June 1815
Location
Result American victory
Belligerents
Flag_of_the_United_States_%281795-1818%29.svg United States Flag_of_Algiers.jpg Regency of Algiers
Commanders and leaders
Flag_of_the_United_States_%281795-1818%29.svg James Madison
Flag_of_the_United_States_%281795-1818%29.svg Stephen Decatur
Flag_of_Algiers.jpg Omar Agha
Flag_of_Algiers.jpg Raïs Hamidou 
Strength
3 frigates
3 brigs
2 schooners
2 sloops
5 frigates
7 smaller warships
Casualties and losses
40 killed and wounded[1] 53 killed
Many wounded
486 captured
2 ships captured
1 ship sunk
Close

After the end of the war, the United States and European nations stopped paying tribute to the pirate states; this marked the beginning of the end of piracy in that region, which had been rampant in the days of Ottoman domination during the 16th–18th centuries. The western nations built ever more sophisticated and expensive ships which the Barbary pirates could not match in numbers or technology.[5]

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