Southern Xinjiang

Geographical subregion of Xinjiang, Northwest China / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Southern Xinjiang or Nanjiang (Chinese: 南疆; pinyin: Nánjiāng) is the southern half of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China. Its historical name was Altishahr (Chinese: 回部; pinyin: Huíbù), which also includes some territories in modern-day Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan.

Northern Xinjiang – Dzungaria (yellow), Eastern Xinjiang – (Turpan and Hami) (red), and Southern Xinjiang – Tarim Basin (blue)
Northern Xinjiang – (Dzungaria, Turpan, and Hami) (red) and Southern Xinjiang – Tarim Basin (blue)

Southern Xinjiang includes the Tarim Basin and the adjacent mountainous area which includes Aksai Chin. Most of the inhabitants in Southern Xinjiang are Uyghurs.