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County of England / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Surrey (/ˈsʌri/)[2] is a ceremonial county in South East England and one of the home counties. It is bordered by Greater London to the northeast, Kent to the east, East and West Sussex to the south, and Hampshire and Berkshire to the west. The largest settlement is Woking.

Quick facts: Surrey, Sovereign state, Constituent country,...
Clockwise from top: Guildford and its cathedral; the view from Leith Hill; and Epsom
Ceremonial Surrey within England
Historic Surrey in the British Isles
Coordinates: 51.25°N 0.45°W / 51.25; -0.45
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth East
Establishedbefore 1066
Time zoneUTC±00:00 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST)UTC+01:00 (British Summer Time)
Members of ParliamentList of MPs
PoliceSurrey Police
Largest townWoking
Ceremonial county
Lord LieutenantMichael More-Molyneux
High SheriffJulie Llewelyn (2021–22)[1]
Area1,663 km2 (642 sq mi)
  Ranked35th of 48
Population (2021)1,189,934
  Ranked12th of 48
Density716/km2 (1,850/sq mi)
Non-metropolitan county
County councilSurrey County Council
Admin HQWoodhatch Place, Reigate
Area1,663 km2 (642 sq mi)
  Ranked20th of 21
  Ranked5th of 21
Density725/km2 (1,880/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2GB-SRY
ONS code43
GSS codeE10000030
Districts of Surrey
  1. Spelthorne
  2. Runnymede
  3. Surrey Heath
  4. Woking
  5. Elmbridge
  6. Guildford
  7. Waverley
  8. Mole Valley
  9. Epsom and Ewell
  10. Reigate and Banstead
  11. Tandridge

The county has an area of 1,663 km2 (642 sq mi) and a population of 1,196,236. Much of the north of the county forms part of the Greater London Built-up Area, which includes the suburbs within the M25 motorway as well as Woking (103,900), Guildford (77,057), and Leatherhead (32,522). The west includes part of the Farnborough/Aldershot built-up area, which extends into Hampshire and Berkshire and has a total population of 252,397. The south of the county is rural, and its largest settlements are Horley (22,693) and Godalming (22,689). The county contains eleven local government districts, which are part of a two-tier non-metropolitan county also called Surrey. The county historically included much of south-west Greater London and excluded Staines-upon-Thames, which was part of Middlesex.

The defining geographical feature of the county is the North Downs, a chalk escarpment which runs from the south-west to north-east and divides the densely populated north from the more rural south; it is pierced by the rivers Wey and Mole, both tributaries of the Thames. The north of the county is a lowland, part of the Thames basin. The south-east is part of the Weald, and the south-west contains the Surrey Hills and Thursley, Hankley and Frensham Commons, an extensive area of heath. The county has the densest woodland cover in England, at 22.4 per cent.

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