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Sylheti language

Indo-Aryan language spoken in Bangladesh and India / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Sylheti (Sylheti Nāgarī: ꠍꠤꠟꠐꠤ [silɔʈi]; Bengali: সিলেটি [sileʈi]) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by an estimated 11 million people, primarily in the Sylhet Division of Bangladesh and in parts of Northeast India.[6][7] Besides, there are substantial numbers of Sylheti speakers within diaspora communities in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada and the Middle East.

Quick facts: Sylheti, Pronunciation, Native to, Regio...
  • ꠍꠤꠟꠐꠤ
  • সিলেটি
The word "Silôṭi" in Sylheti Nāgarī script
Native toBangladesh and India
RegionSylhet Division and Barak Valley[1]
Native speakers
10 million (2003–2020)[5]
L2 speakers: 1.5 million (no date)[5]
Early forms
Sylheti Nāgarī script
Bengali–Assamese script
Language codes
ISO 639-3syl
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It is variously perceived as either a dialect of Bengali or a language in its own right. While most linguists consider it an independent language,[8][9] for many native speakers Sylheti forms the diglossic vernacular, with standard Bengali forming the codified lect.[10] Some incorrectly consider it as a "corrupt" form of Bengali,[11] and there is a reported language shift from Sylheti to Standard Bengali in Bangladesh, India and the diaspora;[12] though Sylheti has more vitality than Standard Bengali in the United Kingdom.[13]