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Tel Aviv

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Tel Aviv-Yafo (Hebrew: תֵּל אָבִיב-יָפוֹ, romanized: Tēl ʾĀvīv-Yāfō, IPA: [tel aˈviv jaˈfo]; Arabic: تَلّ أَبِيب – يَافَا, romanized: Tall ʾAbīb-Yāfā), usually referred to as just Tel Aviv, is the most populous city in the Gush Dan metropolitan area of Israel. Located on the Israeli Mediterranean coastline and with a population of 467,875, it is the economic and technological center of the country. If East Jerusalem is considered part of Israel, Tel Aviv is the country's second-most-populous city, after Jerusalem; if not, Tel Aviv is the most populous city, ahead of West Jerusalem.[lower-alpha 1]

Quick facts: Tel Aviv תל אביב (Hebrew) تل أبيب&nb...
Tel Aviv
תל אביב (Hebrew)
تل أبيب (Arabic)
Tel Aviv-Yafo
Nicknames: 
  • 'The first Hebrew city'
  • 'The White City'
  • 'Non-Stop City'
  • 'The Bubble'
  • 'TLV'
  • 'The Big Orange'
Tel Aviv is located in Israel
Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Location within Israel
Tel Aviv is located in Asia
Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Location within Asia
Tel Aviv is located in Earth
Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Location on Earth
Coordinates: 32.08°N 34.78°E / 32.08; 34.78
CountryFlag_of_Israel.svg Israel
DistrictFlag_of_Tel_Aviv.svg Tel Aviv
Metropolitan areaGush Dan
Founded11 April 1909 (1909-04-11)
Named forTel Abib in Ezekiel 3:15,[1] via Herzl's Altneuland
Government
  TypeMayor–council
  BodyTel Aviv-Yafo Municipality
  MayorRon Huldai
Area
  City52 km2 (20 sq mi)
  Urban
176 km2 (68 sq mi)
  Metro
1,516 km2 (585 sq mi)
Elevation
5 m (16 ft)
Population
 (2021)[2]
  City467,875
  Rank2nd in Israel
  Density8,468.7/km2 (21,934/sq mi)
   Rank12th in Israel
  Urban
1,388,400
  Urban density8,057.7/km2 (20,869/sq mi)
  Metro
4,156,900
  Metro density2,286/km2 (5,920/sq mi)
DemonymTel Avivian[3][4][5]
Gross Metropolitan Product
  Gush DanUS$310 billion
59% of Israel's GDP (2022)
Time zoneUTC+2 (IST)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (IDT)
Postal code
61XXXXX
Area code+972-3
ISO 3166 codeIL-TA
Websitetel-aviv.gov.il
Official nameWhite City of Tel Aviv
TypeCultural
Criteriaii, iv
Designated2003
Reference no.
RegionIsrael
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Tel Aviv is governed by the Tel Aviv-Yafo Municipality, headed by Mayor Ron Huldai, and is home to most of Israel's foreign embassies.[lower-alpha 2] It is a beta+ world city and is ranked 57th in the 2022 Global Financial Centres Index. Tel Aviv has the third- or fourth-largest economy and the largest economy per capita in the Middle East.[11][12] The city currently has the highest cost of living in the world.[13][14] Tel Aviv receives over 2.5 million international visitors annually.[15][16] A "party capital" in the Middle East, it has a lively nightlife and 24-hour culture.[17][18] The city is gay-friendly, with a large LGBT community.[19] Tel Aviv is home to Tel Aviv University, the largest university in the country with more than 30,000 students.

The city was founded in 1909 by the Yishuv (Jewish residents) and initially given the Hebrew name Ahuzat Bayit (Hebrew: אחוזת בית, romanized: ʔAħuzat Bayit, lit. 'House Estate' or 'Homestead'),[20][21] namesake of the Jewish association which established the neighbourhood as a modern housing estate on the outskirts of the ancient port city of Jaffa (Yafo in Hebrew), then part of the Mutasarrifate of Jerusalem within the Ottoman Empire. Its name was changed the following year to Tel Aviv, after the biblical name Tel Abib (lit. "Tell of Spring") adopted by Nahum Sokolow as the title for his Hebrew translation of Theodor Herzl's 1902 novel Altneuland ("Old New Land"). Other Jewish suburbs of Jaffa had been established before Tel Aviv, the oldest among them being Neve Tzedek.[22] Tel Aviv was given township status within the Jaffa Municipality in 1921, and became independent from Jaffa in 1934.[23][24] Immigration by mostly Jewish refugees meant that the growth of Tel Aviv soon outpaced that of Jaffa, which had a majority Arab population at the time.[25] In 1948 the Israeli Declaration of Independence was proclaimed in the city. After the 1947–1949 Palestine war, Tel Aviv began the municipal annexation of parts of Jaffa, fully unified with Jaffa under the name Tel Aviv in April 1950, and was formally renamed to Tel Aviv-Yafo in August 1950.[26]

Tel Aviv's White City, designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003, comprises the world's largest concentration of International Style buildings, including Bauhaus and other related modernist architectural styles.[27][28] Popular attractions include Jaffa Old City, the Eretz Israel Museum, the Museum of Art, Hayarkon Park, and the city's promenade and beach.

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