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Warring States period

Period of Chinese history, c. 475 to 221 BC / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Warring States period (traditional Chinese: 戰國時代; simplified Chinese: 战国时代; pinyin: Zhànguó Shídài) was an era in ancient Chinese history characterized by warfare, as well as bureaucratic and military reforms and consolidation. It followed the Spring and Autumn period and concluded with the Qin wars of conquest that saw the annexation of all other contender states, which ultimately led to the Qin state's victory in 221 BC as the first unified Chinese empire, under the Qin dynasty.

Quick facts: Warring States period...
Warring States period
c.475–221 BC
The Seven Warring States c.260 BC
(Yan (燕), Zhao (趙), Han (韩), Wei (魏), Qi ( 齐), Chu (楚), Qin (秦))
Quick facts: Warring States period, Traditional Chine...
Warring States period
"Warring States" in seal script (top), Traditional (middle), and Simplified (bottom) Chinese characters
Traditional Chinese戰國時代
Simplified Chinese战国时代
Hanyu PinyinZhànguó Shídài
Literal meaning"Warring States era"

Although different scholars point toward different dates ranging from 481 BC to 403 BC as the true beginning of the Warring States, Sima Qian's choice of 475 BC is the most often cited. The Warring States era also overlaps with the second half of the Eastern Zhou period, though the Chinese sovereign, known as the king of Zhou, ruled merely as a figurehead.

The "Warring States period" derives its name from the Record of the Warring States, a work compiled early in the Han dynasty.

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