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West Ukrainian People's Republic

1918–1919 state in Central Europe / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The West Ukrainian People's Republic or West Ukrainian National Republic (Ukrainian: Західноукраїнська Народна Республіка, romanized: Zakhidnoukrainska Narodna Respublika; abbreviated ЗУНР, ZUNR, also WUNR or WUPR), known for part of its existence as the Western Oblast of the Ukrainian People's Republic (Західна область Української Народної Республіки, Zakhidna oblast Ukrainskoi Narodnoi Respubliky or ЗО УНР, ZO UNR), was a short-lived polity that controlled most of Eastern Galicia from November 1918 to July 1919. It included the cities of Lviv, Ternopil, Kolomyia, Drohobych, Boryslav, Stanislaviv (now Ivano-Frankivsk) and right-bank Przemyśl, and claimed parts of Bukovina and Carpathian Ruthenia. Politically, the Ukrainian National Democratic Party (the precursor of the interwar Ukrainian National Democratic Alliance) dominated the legislative assembly, guided by varying degrees of Greek Catholic, liberal and socialist ideology.[1] Other parties represented included the Ukrainian Radical Party and the Christian Social Party.

Quick facts: West Ukrainian People's RepublicЗахідноукраїн...
West Ukrainian People's Republic
Західноукраїнська Народна Республіка
Anthem: Ще не вмерла України
Shche ne vmerla Ukrainy
"Ukraine has not yet perished"
West Ukrainian People's Republic in 1918
West Ukrainian People's Republic in 1918
StatusPartially recognized state
Disputed autonomous region of the Ukrainian People's Republic
(to 21 November 1918)
(to end of 1918)
(early June 1919)
Common languagesOfficial:
Minority languages:
Polish, Yiddish
58,9% Greek Catholic
27,8% Latin Catholic
4% Jewish
1,3% other
Kost Levytsky
Yevhen Petrushevych
LegislatureUkrainian National Council
Historical eraWorld War I
1 November 1918
 Act Zluky
22 January 1919
16 July 1919
 Government-in-exile dissolved
15 March 1923
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Flag_of_the_Habsburg_Monarchy.svg Austria-Hungary
Flag_of_Galicia-Lodomeria_1890-1918.svg Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria
Ukrainian People's Republic Flag_of_Ukraine.svg
Second Polish Republic Flag_of_Poland.svg
First Czechoslovak Republic Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic.svg
Kingdom of Romania Flag_of_Romania.svg
Today part of

The ZUNR emerged as a breakaway state amid the dissolution of Austria-Hungary, and in January 1919 nominally united with the Ukrainian People's Republic (UPR) as its autonomous Western Oblast. Poland had also claimed this territory, and by July occupied most of it and forced the West Ukrainian government into exile. When the UPR decided late the same year that it would trade the territory for an alliance with Poland against Soviet Russia, the exiled West Ukrainian government broke with the UPR. The exiled government continued its claim until it dissolved in 1923.

The coat of arms of the ZUNR was azure, a golden lion rampant. The colours of the flag were blue and yellow.