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次闭元音

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国际音标元音
i
•
次闭
半闭
半开
次开

表内成对的元音分别为不圆唇/圆唇

次闭元音(near-close vowel、near-high vowel)是一种用于口语中的元音。次闭元音的特征类似于闭元音,同样是舌头的位置接近上颚,但不需闭元音那么紧密。

次闭元音分类

参考文献

  • Basbøll, Hans, The Phonology of Danish, 2005, ISBN 0-203-97876-5 
  • Doke, Clement Martyn; Mofokeng, S. Machabe, Textbook of Southern Sotho Grammar 3rd, Cape Town: Longman Southern Africa, 1974, ISBN 0-582-61700-6 
  • International Phonetic Association, Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A guide to the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999, ISBN 0-521-65236-7 
  • Jones, Daniel; Ward, Dennis, The Phonetics of Russian, Cambridge University Press, 1969, ISBN 0-521-06736-7 
  • Ladefoged, Peter; Johnson, Keith, A Course in Phonetics 6th, Boston, Massachusetts: Wadsworth Publishing, 2010, ISBN 978-1-4282-3126-9 
  • Lee, Hyun Bok, Korean, Handbook of the International Phonetic Association, Cambridge University Press: 120–122, 1999, ISBN 0-521-63751-1 
  • Strandskogen, Åse-Berit, Norsk fonetikk for utlendinger, Oslo: Gyldendal, 1979, ISBN 82-05-10107-8 
  • Vanvik, Arne, Norsk fonetikk, Oslo: Universitetet i Oslo, 1979, ISBN 82-990584-0-6 
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次闭元音
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