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1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1970th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 970th year of the 2nd millennium, the 70th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1970s decade.

Clockwise from top-left: a 7.1 magnitude earthquake in Tonghai, China kills over 10,000 people; the Apollo 13 mission is aborted after an oxygen tank in the service module fails, resulting in the safe return of all passengers to Earth; the 1970 FIFA World Cup is held in Mexico and won by Brazil; the 1970 Ancash earthquake and subsequent avalanche kills about 70,000 in Peru and became the deadliest earthquake there; Japan launches its first satellite, Ohsumi, into outer space; terrorist groups hijack five airliners in Jordan, crashing all of them against each other; four student protesters protesting the Vietnam War are killed in Ohio by the police, resulting in outrage throughout the United States; a tropical cyclone kills 500,000 people in East Pakistan and India, becoming the deadliest tropical cyclone on record.
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Millennium: 2nd millennium
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1970 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1970
Ab urbe condita2723
Armenian calendar1419
Assyrian calendar6720
Baháʼí calendar126–127
Balinese saka calendar1891–1892
Bengali calendar1377
Berber calendar2920
British Regnal year18 Eliz. 2  19 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2514
Burmese calendar1332
Byzantine calendar7478–7479
Chinese calendar己酉年 (Earth Rooster)
4666 or 4606
庚戌年 (Metal Dog)
4667 or 4607
Coptic calendar1686–1687
Discordian calendar3136
Ethiopian calendar1962–1963
Hebrew calendar5730–5731
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2026–2027
 - Shaka Samvat1891–1892
 - Kali Yuga5070–5071
Holocene calendar11970
Igbo calendar970–971
Iranian calendar1348–1349
Islamic calendar1389–1390
Japanese calendarShōwa 45
Javanese calendar1901–1902
Juche calendar59
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4303
Minguo calendarROC 59
Nanakshahi calendar502
Thai solar calendar2513
Tibetan calendar阴土鸡年
(female Earth-Rooster)
2096 or 1715 or 943
(male Iron-Dog)
2097 or 1716 or 944
Unix time0 – 31535999