1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1974th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 974th year of the 2nd millennium, the 74th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1970s decade.

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
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1974 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1974
Ab urbe condita2727
Armenian calendar1423
Assyrian calendar6724
Baháʼí calendar130–131
Balinese saka calendar1895–1896
Bengali calendar1381
Berber calendar2924
British Regnal year22 Eliz. 2  23 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2518
Burmese calendar1336
Byzantine calendar7482–7483
Chinese calendar癸丑年 (Water Ox)
4670 or 4610
甲寅年 (Wood Tiger)
4671 or 4611
Coptic calendar1690–1691
Discordian calendar3140
Ethiopian calendar1966–1967
Hebrew calendar5734–5735
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2030–2031
 - Shaka Samvat1895–1896
 - Kali Yuga5074–5075
Holocene calendar11974
Igbo calendar974–975
Iranian calendar1352–1353
Islamic calendar1393–1394
Japanese calendarShōwa 49
Javanese calendar1905–1906
Juche calendar63
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4307
Minguo calendarROC 63
Nanakshahi calendar506
Thai solar calendar2517
Tibetan calendar阴水牛年
(female Water-Ox)
2100 or 1719 or 947
(male Wood-Tiger)
2101 or 1720 or 948
Unix time126230400 – 157766399

Major events in 1974 include the aftermath of the 1973 oil crisis and the resignation of United States President Richard Nixon following the Watergate scandal. In the Middle East, the aftermath of the 1973 Yom Kippur War determined politics; following Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir's resignation in response to high Israeli casualties, she was succeeded by Yitzhak Rabin. In Europe, the invasion and occupation of northern Cyprus by Turkish troops initiated the Cyprus dispute, the Carnation Revolution took place in Portugal, and Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt resigned following an espionage scandal surrounding his secretary Günter Guillaume. In sports, the year was primarily dominated by the FIFA World Cup in West Germany, in which the German national team won the championship title, as well as The Rumble in the Jungle, a boxing match between Muhammad Ali and George Foreman in Zaire.