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Aruba (/əˈrbə/ ə-ROO-bə, Dutch: [aːˈrubaː, -ryb-] (listen), Papiamento: [aˈruba]), officially the Country of Aruba (Dutch: Land Aruba; Papiamento: Pais Aruba) is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands physically located in the mid-south of the Caribbean Sea, about 29 kilometres (18 mi) north of the Venezuelan peninsula of Paraguaná and 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Curaçao.[5] It measures 32 kilometres (20 mi) long from its northwestern to its southeastern end and 10 kilometres (6 mi) across at its widest point.[5] Together with Bonaire and Curaçao, Aruba forms a group referred to as the ABC islands. Collectively, these and the other three Dutch substantial islands in the Caribbean are often called the Dutch Caribbean, of which Aruba has about one-third of the population. In 1986, it became a constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and acquired the formal name the Country of Aruba.

Quick facts: Aruba, Sovereign state, Before separation, Co...
Country of Aruba
Land Aruba (Dutch)
Pais Aruba (Papiamento)
Anthem: "Aruba Dushi Tera"
(English: "Aruba, Sweet Land")
Location of Aruba (circled in red)
Sovereign state Netherlands
Before separationNetherlands Antilles
Country status1 January 1986
and largest city
12°31′07″N 70°02′09″W
Official languages
Ethnic groups
66% Aruban
9.1% Colombian
4.3% Dutch
4.1% Dominican
3.2% Venezuelan
2.2% Curaçaoan
1.5% Haitian
1.2% Surinamese
1.1% Peruvian
1.1% Chinese
6.2% other[2]
GovernmentDevolved Parliamentary representative democracy within a constitutional monarchy
Alfonso Boekhoudt
Evelyn Wever-Croes
LegislatureParliament of Aruba
180[3] km2 (69 sq mi)
 Water (%)
Highest elevation
188 m (617 ft)
 1 January 2019 estimate
116,576[3] (193rd)
624/km2 (1,616.2/sq mi) (22nd)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
$4.4 billion
 Per capita
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
$3.4 billion
 Per capita
CurrencyAruban florin (ƒ) (AWG)
Time zoneUTC−4:00 (AST)
Mains electricity127 V/60 Hz
Driving sideright
Calling code+297
ISO 3166 code

Aruba is one of the four countries that form the Kingdom of the Netherlands, along with the Netherlands, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten; the citizens of these countries are all Dutch nationals.[6] Aruba has no administrative subdivisions, but, for census purposes, is divided into eight regions. Its capital is Oranjestad.[6][5]

Unlike much of the Caribbean region, Aruba has a dry climate and an arid, cactus-strewn landscape.[5][6] The climate has helped tourism, because visitors to the island can expect clear, sunny skies all year.[7][8][9] Its area is 179 km2 (69.1 sq mi) and it is quite densely populated, with 108,166 inhabitants as at the 2020 Census.[10]

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